al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm [Part-1]

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This is the first part from the book “al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm” by the ex-Shia al-Baseer may Allah reward him.

Al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm [Part-1]

 

Preface:

The most truthful of words are those within the book of Allah, and the best of examples is the example of Muhammad peace be upon him and his family and noble companions.

In the name of Allah most graceful most merciful,

Falsehood still appears to men in various shapes and images, some are good in appearance and some are better. We do not believe that falsehood would ever appear in its ugly true image because then it would not be accepted nor welcomed or adopted. This is why many men are dazzled and fooled by such fake images as they lack knowledge and perception and the ability to analyze the different opinions and evidence.

This is why the greatest of actions in the sight of Allah almighty is one which is taken to defend his religion, to stop falsehood in its tracks and expose the fakeness that is masked by purity and piety and the great concern for Islamic unity. There needs to be a cry of truth, loud and clear, a cry to shake the foundations of falsehood and reduce it to its original weak and pathetic form, to wake up those who have been blinded by the pleasant outward appearance of this falsehood which is being spread by huge organizations that are backed by several countries whose sole purpose is to “beautify” this falsehood in the eyes of the ignorant masses.

These organization have placed huge efforts especially in these past two decades to cast arrows of doubt on all the beliefs of the people of Islam and to poison the pure well of Islamic faith which is very far from the perverseness of Mazdak and the deviance of Zoroaster.

We have thus decided in this moment of weakness, and in these hard times that our nation is facing, to expel the darkness and make public to all the wickedness and maliciousness of those folks who have always been enemies to this religion and all that it represents.

Introduction:

In the past I had went through a book by one of the biggest contemporary scholars of the Imami Shia sect and he is `Abdul-Husayn Sharaf-ul-Deen, and his books are still being printed, print after print, and they generally are books full of lies, mis-quotations and mis-attributions which showcase the hatred these people have for Islamic history and Islamic figures, and so the man placed great effort in distorting the image of historical Islamic figures and icons.

We must remind the reader that this book is not intended to refute `Abdul-Husayn’s books, but it is aimed at a specific issue which is the expression “al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm.” or “Prayer is better than sleep.” which Ahlul-Sunnah include in their call to prayer during Fajr. However, since `Abdul-Husayn was the first to expand on this issue from among his companions, and he took the lead in spreading the matter then we shall look into what he argued.

The Imami Shia sect has accused Ahlul-Sunnah in general and `Umar ibn al-Khattab (ra) in specific of adding to the Adhan (1) the expression “Prayer is better than sleep.” so we will show how this expression is established in the religion of Islam and how it was a part of the Adhan during the time of the Prophet (SAWS), and the four rightly guided Caliphs after him especially `Ali ibn abi Talib (ra).

(1) Adhan: Islamic call to prayer.

In this book we do not only aim to refute a single doubt that the Shia have cast on the religion of Islam, but we intend to refute and expose an entire methodology, the twisted method of the Shia in slandering their opponents, in covering the truth with falsehood and in the double standards and hypocrisy which they have built their entire religion upon.

We ask Allah to make it easy for us, and to accept from us this work, and to guide us all to what he loves and pleases, He is our Master.

A false charge:

We do not find it strange that such a big amount of lies and accusations have been directed towards the companions of the Prophet (SAWS) especially the first four Caliphs of Islam, this is because historically most accusations are directed to the greatest of personalities and virtuous men by a bunch of low-lives with evil intentions and filthy interests.

We do not find such a thing strange at all once we realize that these false charges come from a group of people, who curse the companions of our Prophet (SAWS) and slander them because it is the smallest of their sins, since they raise their saints to the level of gods!

The great Islamic conquests and the spreading of Islamic teachings and knowledge in the four corners of the earth, is reduced in the eyes of these filthy men to a couple of mere attempts to expand influence and seize the resources of the lands for personal gain. Yes, these Ghulat (2) were educated to believe that virtuous act accomplished by the pious companions may Allah be pleased with them is an evil act covered with ill will.

(2) Ghulat: Extremists.

The reader shall see many examples of this as we go on, as for the companions of the messenger may Allah be pleased with them, who sacrificed everything for their Prophet (SAWS) and his religion, and struggled in the battle-fields against the un-believers, and exhausted their bodies in the call to Islam, the culture they built in the eyes of the folks is no more than a culture of violence and thieves and usurpers, because history is fake, and the Qur’an is corrupted and insufficient, and the Prophet (SAWS) is helpless, and the infallible Imam is persecuted and weak, and the savior has been hiding for hundreds of years, and so Islamic history is reduced to a couple of people while everybody else is either a thief or a liar and a conspirator ect…

I add, that trying to convince these people that their methods are wrong and their Madhab is corrupt is almost impossible because the sect we are addressing has fallen victim to an extreme form of brainwashing, but nonetheless we shall do our duty in delivering the truth and guiding the lost.

The Imami Shia sect asserts that the expression “Prayer is better than sleep” is a fabrication by `Umar ibn al-Khattab (ra), and that Ahlul-Sunnah have simply followed the orders of the second Caliph in affirming this expression and they tried to bestow legitimacy to it by calling it “al-Tathweeb”.

Shia scholar Muhammad Hasan al-Najafi says in “Mu`jam Fiqh al-Jawahir” 1/207:

[Tathweeb in Adhan, as is famous among the linguists and jurists is saying: “Prayer is better than sleep.”]

What the Shia sources mentioned about this matter:

Almost all late Shia sources are in agreement that it was `Umar (ra) who is the first to fabricate “Prayer is better than sleep” and add it to the Adhan, and you almost don’t find any of the Shia scholars or their laymen say anything other than this.

To shed more light on the matter, we quote the late Shia scholar `Abdul-Husayn Sharaf-ul-Deen al-Musawi who didn’t spend his life fighting against communism and atheism and socialism which were the talk of the hour during his life, because when the red communist influence was expanding from continent to continent, and when the communists were attempting to swallow the entire Islamic world piece by piece, we find our friend `Abdul-Husayn using his pen as a pickaxe to destroy what remains of faith in the people’s hearts and by writing books which contained as many attacks on Islam as he could possibly find.

He said in “al-Fusoul al-Muhimmah fi Ta’leef al-Ummah” pg.117:

[And from them is their alteration of the morning call to prayer, as they changed it by inserting into it what was not in it during the days of Rassul-Allah (SAWS), which is “al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm”, but rather it was not in it during the days of Abu Bakr, it is only that the second Khalifah ordered it as the Mutawatir (3) narrations of the pure progeny state.

As for other sources, it is sufficient for the reader to know what the Imam Malik narrated in the chapter of the call to prayer  in his Muwatta’: “That it had reached him that the Mu’adhin (4) came to `Umar bin al-Khattab to call him to prayer but found him asleep, so he said: Prayer is better than sleep. Then he ordered him to make it in the call of the morning.”

And al-`Allamah al-Zarqani said while commenting on this Hadith in his explanation of the Muwatta’: “This report was narrated by al-Daraqutni in his Sunan from Waki` in his Musannaf from al-`Umari from Nafi` from ibn `Umar from `Umar.

And Suffiyan narrated from Muhammad bin `Ajlan from Nafi` from ibn `Umar from `Umar that he said to his Mu’adhin: If you reach “Come to success” in your Fajr call, then say: Prayer is better than sleep, prayer is better than sleep.”

I say: This was narrated by ibn abi Shaybah from the narration of Hisham bin `Urwah, and it was narrated by a group of others that we shall not mention.

And you (reader) know that there is no trace of such an expression in the narrations of the prophet (saws), if you would like to verify you can revise the chapters of Adhan in the first part of Sahih al-Bukhari and the chapter on the description of Adhan and it is the beginning of the book of Salat in Sahih Muslim.]

(3) Mutawatir: Mass transmitted.

(4) Mu’adhin: Man responsible of making the call to prayer.

This is the Shia argument which is used to raise doubts on the position of Ahlul-Sunnah, the Shia author tried his best to collect every statement of any classical or contemporary scholar in order to make his accusation on Ameer al-Mu’mineen `Umar bin al-Khattab (ra).

In fact the leader of the Shia and their Imam `Abdul-Husayn Sharaf-ul-Deen was so proud of himself that he raised this same doubt in his book “al-Nas wal-Ijtihad”. So to Allah we belong and to him we shall return, this is a new age that has dawned upon our nation, an age where there is no justice or knowledge, an age where the pathetic are raised to become leaders and icons while the true icons are lowered and mocked.

Attack is the best method of defense:

Before we analyze this claim, we need to inform the readers and the Imami Shia in specific of  an important matter. The sane Shia must know that their scholars have adopted a twisted method to defend against every criticism directed towards their Madhab, it is a method they use every-time their opponents defeat them in debate or silence them with clear proofs or prove to them the corruption of their Madhab. We shall explain below:

Whenever a criticism is directed towards the Imamiyyah proving to them that they have a certain problem, you will see them trying to prove that their opponents the Ahlul-Sunnah have similar a similar problem.

In other words, instead of:

1- Proving through Islamic texts that the matter is not a problem and that the ones throwing the accusation are wrong.

2- Agreeing that there is indeed a mistake on their part, and admitting that they have a problem, and then calling their followers to abandon it and correct it.

Instead of fixing the problem and defending their Madhab, we see the Shia scholars hurling similar accusations on other Madhabs in an attempt to escape those criticisms.

In order to make this clearer for the reader, I place in your hands one out of many live examples:

When the opponents of the Shia criticized them for adding the following expression to their Adhan “I bear witness that `Ali is the friend of Allah”, and they told them that this is a forbidden innovation and that the Imams narrated narrations that did not contain this expression and that they also narrated that innovations are evil, the Imami Shia scholars attacked Ahlul-Sunnah with “Prayer is better than sleep” as if telling us: “Why do you oppose us in this when we are all doing innovations at the end of the day?” .

I say: There is no doubt about the corruption of this method, because the goal of this method is not to prove the truth and reach it. It’s only goal is to change the subject and escape the criticism, like two men who met and one of them told the other: “You are a thief!” so the other man responded by saying: “Well you’re also a thief!” and by doing so he admitted that he himself is one!

This also makes the Shia Madhab a reactionary one that is affected by the Madhab of Ahlul-Sunnah, and they would follow them like their tail, so whatever Ahlul-Sunnah agree on or decide will be the standard to be used in authenticating or weakening or proving right from wrong. Also this method is based on the opponent  being from Ahlul-Sunnah, so what if the opponents were from the Waqifi Shia or even a Twelver such as ibn Babaweih al-Qummi? Would this method work with him? Or would the Shia scholars be stuck then? More importantly what will be their answer in front of Allah on the day of judgment?

This is why it is the duty of every Shia that when he sees one of their scholars on the Mimbar defending his Madhab by attacking Ahlul-Sunnah, that he should tell him to abandon this twisted method and give a proper scholarly refutation to the problem.

Now we shall go back to the topic and prove by the grace of Allah the ignorance of the one who claims that `Umar (ra) invented Tathweeb and added it to the Adhan, and that it was an order from the Prophet (SAWS) and was practiced during his days and the days of the companions and their followers.

Refuting the doubts raised by `Abdul-Husayn:

In order to refute this blind man we need to sum up his argument in a few organized points:

1- That there is no proof that “Prayer is better than sleep” is a saying of the Prophet (SAWS).

2- That there is no mention of this expression in Sahih al-Bukhari or Sahih Muslim.

3- This expression was not available in the Adhan in Abu Bakr’s (ra) Caliphate.

4- `Umar (ra) was the one to add the expression to the Adhan during his Caliphate.

5- `Abdul-Husayn stated several sources for narrations that he claims back up this accusation.

6- The Mutawatir mass transmitted narrations from Ahlul-Bayt prove that it was `Umar (ra) who added it.

THE ANSWERS TO HIS SIX POINTS RESPECTIVELY:

1- FIRST ARGUMENT:

`Abdul-Husayn says in “al-Nas wal-Ijtihad” pg192:

[We have closely followed all the prophetic traditions related to the prayer call during the time of the Prophet (SAWS) and we did not find “Prayer is better than sleep”.]

This leads us to two conclusions and there is no third:

Either the Shia scholar is not well informed about such sayings in the books of the Muslims and so he becomes an ignorant.

Or this Shia scholar has in fact read clear statements about this matter but decided to hide them, and by doing so he becomes a liar and this is what we lean towards as his book is full of lies as you shall see in the following pages.

“al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm” in the books of Ahlul-Sunnah.

Some of the books of Hadith of Ahlul-Sunnah have designated specific chapters about Tathweeb in Adhan, and under those chapters are many authentic narrations attributed to the Prophet (SAWS) affirming the expression “Prayer is better than sleep” in the Fajr Adhan.

From them we mention:

-Chapter of Tathweeb [Sunan abu Dawud 1/148]

-Chapter of the dislike of making Tathweeb in other than the morning Adhan [Sunan al-Bayhaqi 1/423]

-Chapter of Tathweeb in the Fajr Adhan [Sunan al-Darimi 1/270]

-Chapter of what was mentioned regarding Tathweeb in Fajr [Sunan al-Tirmithi 1/110]

-Chapter of al-Tathweeb in the Fajr Adhan [Sunan al-Nasa’i 2/13]

-Chapter of “Prayer is better than sleep” [Musannaf `Abdul-Razzaq 1/472]

-Chapter of Tathweeb in the Adhan of the morning [Sahih ibn Khuzaymah 1/200]

-Chapter of Tathweeb in Adhan and Iqamah [Musannaf `Abdul-Razzaq 1/474]

We shall also mention some of those narrations so that the readers can see that this expression was not just inserted by some individual into the Adhan just like the third Shahadah in the Adhan of the Shia.

-Ahmad bin Manee` told us, abu Ahmad al-Zubaydi told us, abu Isra’eel told us, from al-Hakam, from `Abdul-Rahman bin abi Layla, from Bilal bin Rabah that he said: The Prophet (SAWS) told me: “Do not make Tathweeb in any prayer except that of al-Fajr.”

Source: Sunan al-Tirmithi / Kitab al-Salat – chapter “al-Tathweeb fil-Fajr” #182.

-Ibrahim bin al-Hasan told us, he said: Hajjaj told us, from ibn Jurayj, from `Uthman bin al-Sa’ib that he said: My father and Umm `Abdul-Malik bin abi Mahdhourah told me, from abu Mahdhourah that he said: When Rassul-Allah (SAWS) went from Hunayn, I came out among tens of men from Makkah asking for them, so we heard them make the call to prayer, so we did the same to mock them, then Rassul-Allah (SAWS) said: “I heard from those folks a call of a man with a good voice.” so he called on us and we made Adhan to him one by one and I was the last of them, so when I made Adhan to him, he said: “Come” and he sat me in front of him and wiped on my body and blessed me three times, then he (SAWS) said: “Go make your Adhan near the sacred house” I said: “How O messenger of Allah? Teach me to call like you” (he then said the full Adhan and at the end he stated) Prayer is better than sleep in the first of the morning.

Source: Sunan al-Nasa’i / Kitab al-Adhan – chapter “al-Adhan fil-Fajr” #629.

-Ibn Jurayj said: `Uthman told me this entire report from his father and Umm `Abdul-Malik bin abi Mahdhourah that they heard this from abu Mahdhourah.

Source: Ibid.

-Suwayd bin Nasr told us, he said: `Abdullah told us, from Suffiyan, from abu Ja`far, from abu Suleiman, from abu Mahdhourah, that he said: I used to make Adhan to Rassul-Allah (SAWS) and I used to say in the first Fajr Adhan “Come to success, prayer is better than sleep, prayer is better than sleep, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, no god but Allah.”

Source: Sunan al-Nasa’i / Kitab al-Adhan – chapter “al-Tathweeb fi Adhan al-Fajr” #642.

-`Amro bin `Ali told us, Yahya and `Abdulrahman both said: Suffiyan told us, with this Isnad a similar narration.

Source: Sunan al-Nasa’i / Kitab al-Adhan – chapter “al-Tathweeb fi Adhan al-Fajr” 2/13.

-Musaddid told us, al-Harith bin `Ubayd told us, from Muhammad  bin `Abdul-Malik bin abi Mahdhourah, from his father, from his grandfather, that he said: “O messenger of Allah (SAWS), teach me the Sunnah of Adhan, so he wiped my forehead with his hand and said: ” Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, (…in the end he says…) and if it was the morning prayer you say Prayer is better than sleep, prayer is better than sleep, (…until the end of the narration).

Source: Sunan abu Dawud / chapter “Kayfiyat al-Adhan” 1/136.

-al-Hasan bin `Ali told us, abu `Assim and `Abdul-Razzaq both told us, from ibn Jurayj that he said: `Uthman bin al-Sa’ib told me, my father and Umm `Abdul-Malik bin abi Mahdhourah told me, from abi Mahdhourah from the Prophet (SAWS): (He narrated a similar one).

Source: Ibid.

-Muhammad bin Khalid bin `Abdullah al-Wasitiy told us, my father told me, from `Abdul-Rahman bin Ishaq, from al-Zuhri, from Salim, from his father: That the Prophet (SAWS) consulted the people as to what may gather them for prayer, so they mentioned him the horn but he hated it as it resembled the way of the Jews, and they mentioned him the bell but he hated it as it resembled the way of the Christians. Then that night the call to the prayer was shown in a dream to a man among the Ansar whose name was `Abdullah bin Zayd, and to `Umar bin Khattab. The Ansari man came to the Messenger of Allah (SAWS) at night, and the Messenger of Allah (SAWS) commanded Bilal to give the call to the prayer. Zuhri said: “Bilal added the phrase “The prayer is better than sleep” to the call for the morning prayer, and the Messenger of Allah (SAWS) approved of that.” `Umar said: “O Messenger of Allah, I saw the same as he did, but he beat me to it.”

Source:  Sunan abu Dawud / chapter “Kayfiyat al-Adhan” 1/138.

-al-Husayn bin Isma`eel told us, Muhammad bin `Uthman bin Karamah told us, abu Usamah told us, ibn `Awn told us, from Muhammad, from Anas that he said: “It is from the Sunnah if the Mu’adhin in the Fajr Adhan after ‘Come to success’ says ‘Prayer is better than sleep’ twice, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, No god but Allah.”

Source: Sunan al-Daraqutni 1/243.

-`Abdullah bin Mahmud bin `Abdul-`Aziz told us, `Abdullah bin `Umar bin Abban told us, `Abdul-Rahman bin al-Hasan abu Mas`ud al-Zajjaj told us, from abu Sa`eed, from `Abdul-Rahman bin abi Layla, from Bilal that he said: “The messenger of Allah (SAWS) ordered me to make Tathweeb in the dawn Adhan, and forbade me from doing it in the evening Adhan.”

Source: Ibid.

-Abu Hazim al-Hafiz told us, abu Ahmad al-Hafiz told  us, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Marwan bin `Abdul-Malik al-Bazzar told us in al-Sham, Hisham bin `Ammar told us, `Abdul-Hameed bin Habib bin abi `Ishreen, al-Awza`ee told us, he said: Yahya bin Sa`eed al-Ansari Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin al-Harith al-Tamimi told me, that Na`eem bin al-Nahham told him: “I was with my wife under the cover of our bed in a very cold night, so the caller of the messenger (SAWS) called for the morning prayer, when I heard it I said to myself ‘I wish the messenger (SAWS) would say: And he who sits then there is no fault.’ so when he reached ‘Prayer is better than sleep’ he continued with ‘And there is no fault on he who sits’.”

Source: Sunan al-Bayhaqi / chapter “al-Tathweeb fi Adhan al-Fajr.” 1/421-422.

-`Ali told me, Salamah bin al-Khaleel al-Kula`ee al-Humsi told me, Marwan bin Thawban Qadi Hums told me, al-Nu`man bin al-Mundhir told me, from al-Zuhri, from Sa`eed bin al-Musayyib, from abu Hurayrah that Bilal came to the Prophet (SAWS) on the time of the call of the morning but found him asleep, so he called ‘Prayer is better than sleep’ and the Prophet (SAWS) did not reject this but he included it in the Adhan, so no Adhan can be made to any prayer before its time comes except Fajr.

Source: al-Mu`jam al-Awsat by al-Tabarani 4/267.

-Abu Bakr told us, he said: abu Khalid al-Ahmar told us, from Hajjaj, from `Ata’, from abu Mahdhourah, that he made Adhan to the messenger of Allah (SAWS) and to Abu Bakr and to `Umar and in his Adhan was “Prayer is better than sleep.”

Source: Musannaf ibn abi Shaybah 1/189.

The author `Ala’-ul-Deen al-Baseer goes on to narrate a total of sixty five narrations proving Tathweeb as a Sunnah from the books of Hadith of Ahlul-Sunnah but we shall stop here in order to shorten the book and so that we may not bore the reader.

We add that the book “Kanz-ul-`Ummal” by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, this book that the Shia scholars often refer to in order to attack Ahlul-Sunnah and the Sahaba (ra), the author of that book alone lists twenty seven narrations proving that “Prayer is better than sleep” is a prophetic tradition, and `Ala’-ul-Deen al-Baseer mentions only one of them from the sixty seven narrations he listed.

As for the authenticity of the narration, the opponents are using only one weak narration as an argument against `Umar (ra), so it is enough if we prove the authenticity of only one of the many narrations declaring Tathweeb as being a part of the Sunnah.

For this we quickly refer to Sunan al-Bayhaqi al-Kubra 1/423, where he narrates the following:

[Abu Bakr bin al-Harith al-Faqih told us, `Ali bin `Umar al-Hafiz told us, al-Husayn bin Isma`il told us, Muhammad bin `Uthman bin Karamah told us, abu Usamah told us, ibn `Awn told us, from Muhammad, from Anas that he said: “It is from the Sunnah that if the Mu’adhin reached in the Fajr Adhan “Hay `ala al-Falah”, that he should say “al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm, al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La Ilaha Illa Allah.” A group also narrated it from abu Usamah and it is an authentic Isnad(Chain).]

So according to the Imam of Hadith al-Bayhaqi, the chain of narrators is Sahih.

2- SECOND ARGUMENT:

`Abdul-Husayn Sharaf-ul-Deen al-Musawi said:

[Review if you wish the book of Adhan in the first part of  Sahih al-Bukhari, and the chapter “Sifat-ul-Adhan” which is at the beginning of the book of Salat in Sahih Muslim, so that you may know the truth of what we say.]

Firstly we say, his argument that if a certain religious practice is not mentioned in Sahih al-Bukhari or Sahih Muslim then this means we reject it, is itself rejected. As is known by all scholars of Hadith, these two books do not contain all prophetic narrations, nor are all the religious rulings covered in the two books.

Shia scholar `Ali al-Sharastani answers those who have not included the expression “Come to the best of deeds” in Adhan because it wasn’t mentioned in the Sahihayn (5):

[It is not necessary that if it wasn’t mentioned in the Sahihayn then it isn’t correct, and not every authentic tradition is mentioned in the Sahihayn.]

(5) Sahihayn: A term referring to the two authentic books, Sahih Bukhari & Sahih Muslim.

Source: al-Adhan by al-Asalah wal-Tahreef by `Ali al-Shahrastani, pg.203-204.

This is agreed upon by all teams, that there is no one book that gathers all the narrations nor does any author claim this, just like the Shia book al-Kafi doesn’t contain all religious rulings so their scholars have to rely on later books such as al-Faqih or al-Tahtheeb to learn them.

As counter argument I say to `Abdul-Husayn, these narrations are also not reported in the Sahihayn, does this mean we should ignore them as well?

“He whom I’m his Mawla then `Ali is also his Mawla, O Allah be the ally of his ally and the enemy of his enemy.”

“`Ali is from me and I am from him, and he is the Wali of every believer after me.”

“I’m leaving among you the Thaqalayn: The book of Allah and my `Itrah, and they shall not separate until they join me at the fount.”

“The example of my Ahlul-Bayt among you is that of Noah’s ark, he who boards it is safe.”

“`Ali is with the truth and the truth is with `Ali, and they shall not separate until they join me at the fount.”

“I am the city of knowledge and `Ali is its gate, he who seeks the knowledge must enter the gate.”

And many more…

3- THIRD ARGUMENT:

`Abdul-Husayn says that the Sahaba (ra) altered the Adhan and changed it and this new Adhan was not even practiced during the days of Abu Bakr (ra):

[They changed it by inserting into it what was not in it during the days of Rassul-Allah (SAWS), which is “al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm”, but rather it was not in it during the days of Abu Bakr]

This is a useless argument, because we proved that this tradition was practiced during the days of the Prophet (SAWS), so the burden of proof now lies on the Shia scholar to show us that in Abu Bakr’s (ra) Khilafah the Tathweeb was not practiced.

`Abdul-Husayn says in “al-Nass wal-Ijtihad” pg.192:

[We have closely followed all the prophetic traditions related to the prayer call during the time of the Prophet (SAWS) and we did not find “Prayer is better than sleep”, this expression wasn’t even found in Abu Bakr’s rule, as the grand scholars of prophetic narrations know.]

Since `Abdul-Husayn mentioned the experts in prophetic narrations, let’s see what they have to say about the expression of Tathweeb.

`Abdul-Rahman al-Jaziree the author of “al-Fiqh `ala al-Madhahib al-Arba`ah” says in his book of Salat, pg.312:

[it is recommended to add “Prayer is better than sleep” in the Adhan of the morning after “Come to success”, there is agreement that abandoning this addition is disliked.]

al-Nawawi al-Shafi`i said in “al-Majmu` Sharh al-Muhadhab” 3/101:

[We have mentioned that our Madhab is that it is a Sunnah in the Adhan of the morning to make the Tathweeb. From those who have mentioned practicing it are `Umar bin al-Khattab and his son, and al-Hasan al-Basri, and ibn Sireen, and al-Zuhri, and Malik, and al-Thawri, and Ahmad, and Ishaq, and abu Thawr, and Dawud … and others.]

Ibn Qudamah al-Hanbali said in “al-Mughni” 1/245:

[it is a Sunnah to say “Prayer is better than sleep” in the morning Adhan twice, after saying “Come to success”, and it is called Tathweeb and it was mentioned by ibn `Umar and al-Hasan al-Basri and ibn Sireen and al-Zuhri and Malik and al-Thawri and al-Awza`ee and Ishaq and abu Thawr and al-Shafi`i … and others.]

In brief, what we find is that the grand scholars of Hadith and experts in the field all say that it is a correct and authentic expression and saying it is recommended at the very least and some said obligatory like ibn al-Muflih in his book “al-Mubdi`” 1/318.

So far, we have proven that it is an authentic prophetic tradition that was practiced in the days of prophet-hood as well as the days of Abu Bakr (ra) and `Umar (ra) and `Uthman (ra) and `Ali (ra), and if the Shia scholars disagree then they must bring proofs that the Adhan in the days of `Ali (ra) was different than those before him.

4- FOURTH ARGUMENT:

`Abdul-Husayn claimed that this was an addition by `Umar (ra), and his only proof was one narration that he quoted from “Muwatta’ Malik”, and in this narration the Mu’adhin of `Umar (ra) came to him while he was sleeping, so he told him “prayer is better than sleep” so `Umar (ra) ordered him to announce it in the Adhan of the morning.

As is their habit, the Shia scholars left all those countless narrations which state that Tathweeb is a Sunnah and that the Prophet (SAWS) ordered it, and they held on to this one narration just to attack `Umar (ra).

The narration is as follows:

Muwatta’ Malik, chapter “Ma Ja’ fi nida’ al-Salat” pg.68:

[And Malik told me, that it had reached him, that the Mu’adhin came to `Umar bin al-Khattab to call him for the morning prayer, and he found him sleeping, so he said: “prayer is better than sleep” so `Umar ordered him to make it in the morning call.]

We shall discuss this from two perspectives:

1- The Sanad (Chain).

This narration is what Imam Malik (rah) heard from some people, he does not state their identities and so the narration is considered disconnected. It would be enough to quote what al-Imam al-Qurtubi (rah) said with regards to this narration when he quoted ibn `Abdul-Barr in “Tanweer al-Hawalik” pg.92:

[I do not know that this was narrated about `Umar in any authentic way, it is only in the narration of Hisham ibn `Urwah from some man called Isma`eel and I do not know him, but the Tathweeb is known to be from the Adhan of Bilal and abi Mahdhourah in the  morning prayer of the Prophet (SAWS).]

The narration is “Majhool” which is the weakest form of narration, so it has to be rejected.

2- The Matn (Text).

Even if the narration was authentic it can still be given an interpretation so as to reconcile between it and the numerous narrations that state that it was a prophetic order. It can be said that the Mu’adhin of `Umar (ra) came and saw him sleeping, so he called “Prayer is better than sleep” but `Umar (ra) did not accept this and told him to only announce it during the call to prayer as was the habit.

As the reader can see, the Shia are very desperate in their attempts to criticize the chief of believers `Umar bin al-Khattab (ra), and all of their accusations against this great companion are similar to this one in terms of weakness and absurdity. In fact, whenever their scholars write books to attack Ahlul-Sunnah and the religion in general, this weak narration is always used as an argument, as if they all agreed to follow the same twisted hypocritical path and I shall list some of their sources who mention this narration:

-Ameer Muhammad Kazimi in “al-Shia fi `Aqa’idihim wa Ahkamihim” pg.124.

-al-Majma` al-`Ilmi li Ahlul-Bayt in “Mas’alat al-Salat Khayr min al-Nawm” pg.35.

-Marwan Khalifat in his book “Wa Rakibt-ul-Safinah” pg.348.

-Asad Haydar in “al-Imam al-Sadiq wal-Madhahib al-Arba`ah” 3/284.

-Muhammad Jameel Humud in “Abha al-Midad fi Sharh Mu’tamar Baghdad” 2/700.

-`Aynullah al-Hasani in his commentary on “Nahj-ul-Haqq wa Kashf-ul-Sidq” pg.352.

-`Ali Aal-Muhsin in “Masa’il al-Khilafiyah” pg.172.

-Muhammad Hasan al-Muzaffar in “Dala’il al-Sidq” 3/99.

-Ja`far al-Subhani in “Rasa’il wa Maqalat” pg.55.

-Muhammad Baqir Majlisi in “Bihar al-Anwar” 31/43.

-Ahmad al-Wa’ili in “Hawiyat al-Tashayyu`” pg.46.

-Najah al-Ta’ee in “Nazariyat al-Khalifatayn” 2/405.

-`Ali al-Shehrestani in “al-Adhan bayn al-Asalah wal-Tahreef” pg.99-271.

-Nazih al-Qumayha in “Risalah ila Kull Shi`ee” pg.461.

-Isma`eel bin Ahmad al-Mur`ashee in “Ijma`at Fiqh al-Shia” 1/271.

-Sayyid Hasan al-`Amili “Shubuhat wa Rudud” pg.120.

-`Abdul-Jabbar Shararah “al-Muwajahat, Hiwar bayn al-Sunnah wal-Shia” pg.217.

-Sayyid Murtada al-Radwi “Difa` `an al-Sunnah al-Muhammadiyyah” pg.66.

-As`ad al-Qassim “Azmat al-Khilafah wal-Imamah” pg.91.

-al-Ahmadi al-Miyanji “Mawaqif al-Shia” 3/131.

-Sayyid Muhammad Mahdi, Sayyid Hasan Musawi al-Khurasan “Hayy `ala Khayr al-`Amal” pg.102.

-`Abdul-Samad Shakir “Nazrah ila al-Sihah” pg.473.

-Sayyid Muhammad Rida Mudarrisi “al-Sunnah wal-Bid`ah fil-Adhan” pg.17.

-Murtada al-`Askari “ma`alim al-Madrasatayn” 2/472.

-`Abdul-Muhsin al-Sarawi “al-Qutuf al-Daniyah” pg.51.

-Idris al-Husayni al-Maghribi “Laqad Shayya`ani al-Husayn” pg.180.

-Tariq Zayn-ul-`Abideen “al-Da`wah” pg.33.

-Markaz al-Mustafa “al-Ijtihad wal-Taqlid” pg.120.

-Salih al-Wardani in his commentary on “al-Munazarat” pg.62.

-Ja`far Murtada al-`Amili “al-Sahih min al-Seerah” 4/284.

ect..ect…

So you can only imagine the number of Shia scholars who lied against `Umar (ra).

Also if `Umar (ra) had actually added a phrase to the Adhan then all the books of history would have mentioned it and all the scholars would have narrated it and recorded it just as they narrated and recorded his opinion on divorce and his prohibition of practicing the two Mut`ahs or his opinion on practicing Taraweeh in congregation ect… Because in the end, Adhan was as wide spread as Islam, and if a sentence was added this would have been popular among the people of the lands.

And the Sahaba (ra) would have not allowed `Umar (ra) to add and subtract what he wishes from the religion, and it is famous and known that abu Dharr (ra) disagreed with other Sahaba (ra) regarding the matter of storing wealth, and `Ali (ra) disagreed with `Uthman (ra) regarding the Mut`ah of Hajj, and ibn `Umar (ra) disagreed with ibn `Abbas (ra) in the matter of the Mut`ah of women, so why didn’t history report that anyone disagreed  with `Umar (ra) if he had actually changed the Adhan of Islam?

The Shia scholar Ja`far al-Subhani said in “al-Hadith al-Nabawi bayn al-Riwayah wal-Dirayah” pg.53:

[There is an academic methodology that is often ignored by those who criticize Hadith, it is to present any narration (before accepting it) in front of the Book of Allah firstly, then presenting it in front of the Mutawatir Sunnah that the grand scholars of Hadith received with acceptance secondly, and then thirdly in front of the intelligent mind through which we got to know Allah and his prophets, and fourthly in front of the authentic historical facts, and fifthly in front of the consensus of the nation.]

Beautiful words.. although Ja`far al-Subhani himself ignored this “academic methodology” when he got the chance to talk about “prayer is better than sleep”, as his hatred for `Umar (ra) and for this nation’s history got the better of him.

When this Shia al-Subhani accused `Umar (ra) of this matter in his book “al-I`tisam bil-kitab wal-Sunnah” I ask:

When he supposedly presented this report in front of the Qur’an, doesn’t the Qur’an constantly praise those who accompanied the Prophet (SAWS)? Doesn’t the Qur’an tell us to ask forgiveness for those who preceded us in faith? Doesn’t it tell us not to have much negative assumption towards our brothers?

And when he presented it to the authentic Mutawatir Sunnah that is accepted by the grand scholars, doesn’t the Mutawatir Sunnah tell us that Tathweeb was a prophetic order? Isn’t the narration that he and his companions relying on a weak one that is rejected by the grand scholars of Hadith?

And when he presented it to his “intelligent mind”, does his intelligent mind think that it is possible that `Umar (ra) can change the entire religion without anyone standing up to him or criticizing him for it? Furthermore, what great motive is this which pushes him to add such a statement “prayer is better than sleep” to the Adhan? An intelligent mind would reject such an accusation.

And when he presents it to the authentic history, didn’t he notice that authentic or even non-authentic history never mentioned that `Umar (ra) changed anything in the Adhan?

Finally, when he presents it to the consensus of the nation, which nation is this that agreed to believe that `Umar (ra) added that phrase to the Adhan?

Truly the example of the Shia scholars is that of a wondering Arab whom they asked:

“How is it that you have controlled the people?”

He replied:

“I excel in lying and when someone dies I make sure to attend his funeral.”

Just like a politician.

What is the origin of this accusation?

To learn the origins of this claim we will look at two matters:

First matter: Who accused `Umar (ra) of adding the expression to Adhan?

The one who reads all the books of Ahlul-Sunnah will not find anyone mentioning that `Umar (ra) added an expression to the Adhan, whether it is authentic books or books of weak narrations or books of history or any other books, even the Sunni books whose authors are said to be Shia or of Shia tendencies like al-Mas`udi or al-Waqidi.

The answer is that this accusation came from the books of the Shia Hadith scholars exclusively, only they accused our master `Umar (ra) of altering the Adhan. Not all of them mentioned it however, as this “theory” was not known to the early Shia scholars of Hadith such as ibn Shadhan, al-Tusi, al-Murtada, al-Mufid, al-Saduq, ibn al-Salah and the others, because we never found any statement of accusation against `Umar (ra) in their main books.

Yes, they did research the matter in their books but to them it was only considered to be one of the common differences of Fiqh among Ahlul-Sunnah and the Shia, even among Ahlul-Sunnah themselves.

Second matter: What are the proofs which led them to believe that `Umar (ra) did so?

All those who accused `Umar (ra) of adding this expression have used as evidence the narrations from Muwatta’ Malik that we previously discussed, and here we shall begin discussing this accusation from their earliest books below.

1- “Kitab Sulaym bin Qays al-Hilali” by Sulaym bin Qays (died 76 AH), this book did not mention the accusation nor did it point to it, although it is supposedly written in a time near the time of `Umar (ra). This author heavily criticized the first two Khulafa’, Abu Bakr (ra) and `Umar (ra), he even wrote a chapter about `Umar (ra) called “Dropping a part of the Adhan”, he said on pg.231:

[As for what he dropped from the Adhan “Come to the best of deeds” they took this as a Sunnah after him and followed him in it.]

The author mentioned that `Umar (ra) removed from the Adhan the expression “Hayy `ala Khayr-il-`Amal” but he never said anything about him adding “al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm”.

2- “al-Idah” by al-Fadl bin Shadhan (died 260 AH), is one of the early and important Shia books, it did not mention `Umar (ra) adding anything to the Adhan nor did it quote the narration of the Muwatta’, he only said on pg.203 while addressing Ahlul-Sunnah:

[I truly wonder, that from among you are those who say in the Fajr Adhan and in the last `Isha’, between the Adhan and the Iqamah, after “Come to success”: “Prayer is better than sleep”, and some of you do not say it, and none of you criticize each-other for this?]

So he did not mention anything remotely related to `Umar (ra) adding the statement to the Adhan, he actually stated that Ahlul-Sunnah had differences of opinion in Fiqh and jurisprudence and they never had to resort to Taqiyyah in order to hide their opinions like the Shia Imams supposedly did.

Then the late Muhaqqiq (6) of this book al-Sayyid Jalal-ul-Deen al-Husayni wrote in the footnotes the words of their scholar al-Majlisi (died 1110 AH) who accused `Umar (ra) of adding it.

(6) Muhaqqiq: A Muhaqqiq of a book, is usually a late scholar who researches and comments on an old classical book written by an early scholar and adds information in the footnotes.

3- “al-Istighatha fil-Bida` il-Thalathah” by abu al-Qassim al-Kufi (died 352 AH) is a book that accused `Umar bin al-Khattab (ra) of adding the expression “Prayer is better than sleep” but did not provide any evidence for it, it only hurled an accusation.

He says:

[`Umar established “Prayer is better than sleep” in the Adhan]

This vague book is the only early one that accused `Umar (ra) of adding this expression without proof from either Shia or Sunni sources.

The Muhaqqiq of this book though, a contemporary Shia scholar, has placed a footnote on that same page quoting the narration of the Muwatta’ and claiming it as proof, but it’s pointless because the original author never stated his evidence. The Muhaqqiq actually quotes the exact same passage from the book “al-Fusoul al-Muhimmah” by `Abdul-Husayn al-Musawi, as he says so himself.

As for the original author, this is what the Shia scholars of Rijal (7) said about him as reported in al-Khu’i’s “Mu`jam al-Rijal” 11/263:

(7) Scholars of Rijal: Means the scholars who are knowledgeable in the field of narrators, they know the condition of each narrator, his biography and his reliability.

[al-Najashi said:

`Ali bin Ahmad abu al-Qassim al-Kufi, a man from Kufa, used to say that he is from the descendants of abu Talib, he became from the Ghulat (8) at the end of his life, and his Madhab became corrupt, and he wrote many books, most were corrupt…

(8) Ghulu: Extremism, and a man from the Ghulat is a man who became an extremist in his beliefs to the point that he clearly deviated from truth.

al-Sheikh al-Tusi said:

He was an Imami on the straight path, and he wrote many books … then he became confused and adopted the Madhab of the Mukhammisah, and he wrote many books full of Ghulu and confusion, some (deviant) beliefs are attributed to him.

al-`Allamah said at the end of the man’s biography:

The meaning of Takhmis(Mukhammisah) in the Madhab of the Ghulat may Allah curse them, is that Allah handed the provisions and affairs of the people to: Salman al-Farisi, al-Miqdad, `Ammar, abu Dharr and `Amro bin Umayyah al-Dumari, may Allah be elevated above this greatly!

ibn al-Ghada’iri said:

Claims to be from `Alawite descent but is an extremist and a liar, a man of innovations and deviant sayings, I saw many books for him but they are to be ignored.]

4- ibn Babaweih al-Qummi al-Saduq (died 381 AH) who was relatively close to that period, did not mention in his books, which numbered around three hundred, anything to point that `Umar bin al-Khattab (ra) added anything to the Adhan, nor did he speak about the narration in Muwatta’ Malik.

5- al-Mufid (died 413 AH) in his books that numbered a hundred and ninety four, although he wrote loads of criticism against `Umar (ra) and the Sahaba (ra) in general, he did not mention this accusation.

6- al-Sayyid al-Murtada (died 436 AH) in his book al-Shafi fil-Imamah, under the chapter “criticisms against `Umar”, did not mention this accusation, although he mentioned that he forbade the two Mut`ahs, and that he invented the Taraweeh prayer.

7-al-Sheikh al-Tusi (died 460 AH) did not mention anything related to this as well in his book “Talkhees al-Shafi” which is a summary of al-Murtada’s book.

In his other books, “Masa’il al-Nasiriyat”, “al-Intisar”, “Masa’il al-Murtada” and “al-Nihayah” he also never mentioned it.

In his book “al-Khilaf” he discussed that the matter of Tathweeb like he discussed any other difference of opinion between Ahlul-Sunnah and the Shia, without mentioning `Umar (ra) or the narration of the Muwatta’.

In fact, in “al-Khilaf” 1/95, al-Tusi proves `Umar’s (ra) innocence by quoting this narration: It is narrated that once his Mu’adhin abu Mahdhourah (ra) came to him after he had done the original Adhan, and said to him “Prayer O chief of believers, Come to prayer, Come to prayer, Come to Success, Come to Success” so `Umar (ra) said to him “Stop! are you a mad man!? Was your first call not sufficient for us to realize that we must come!?”

This shows that `Umar (ra) rejected any addition to the call to prayer that was not originally found in it, and was very clear that he wants absolutely nothing added to its original text.

8- abu al-Salah al-Halabi (died 447 AH) in his book “Taqreeb al-Ma`arif” pg.334, included a chapter titled: “Mentioning the hideous acts that they -Abu Bakr, `Umar, `Uthman- committed which cancel their leadership”.

In this chapter he mentioned everything he can get his hands on concerning `Umar (ra), such as his prohibition of the Mut`ah of women, and the Mut`ah of Hajj, and his prohibition of increasing the dowry, and inventing the prayer of Taraweeh and so on… but never mentioned the narration of the Muwatta’ or anything related to Adhan.

9- Nasir-ul-Deen al-Tusi (died 672 AH) the author of “Tajreed al-I`tiqad” mentioned many criticisms against `Umar (ra) such as him ordering the stoning of a pregnant woman or forbidding Mut`ah, but nothing related to Adhan.

Even those who wrote summaries of al-Tusi’s book, never mentioned this accusation, such as:

al-Helli (died 726 AH) in “Kashf-ul-Murad fi Sharh Tajreed al-I`tiqad.”

or Shams-ul-Deen al-Asfahani (died 746 AH) in his Sharh.

or the Sharh by al-Qushaji (died 879 AH).

10- The book “Nahj-ul-Haqq wa Kashf-ul-Sidq” by al-`Allamah al-Helli (died 726 AH) wrote a chapter titled “The criticisms reported by Ahlul-Sunnah towards `Umar bin al-Khattab”, in this book he wrote every single thing he could get his hands on regarding `Umar (ra) even very rare opinions, and it was stated in this book that every accusation was documented from the books of Hadith and history and Seerah so that the reader may refer to it.

So he said on pg.351:

[And he added after the death of the Prophet “Prayer is better than sleep.”]

But he did not write down the source of this accusation as opposed to what was promised, although he wrote down the sources of all other accusations. So all that the poor contemporary Muhaqqiq of this book could do was refer us to the narration of the Muwatta’.

As for his other books such as “Muntaha al-Matlab”, “Minhaj al-Karamah”, “Mukhtalaf al-Shia”,  “Tadhkirat-ul-Huffaz”, “Tahrir al-Ahkam”, “Nihayat al-Ahkam” and “Tabsirat al-Muta`allimeen” he never mentioned this accusation while criticizing `Umar (ra).

11-The book “al-Sirat-ul-Mustaqeem” by `Ali al-Bayadi (died 877 AH) also never mentioned  the accusation, while knowing that he mentioned `Umar (ra) removing the expression “Come to the best of deeds”, and he mentioned many criticisms such as making three divorces in one, or protecting al-Mugheerah, or the congregational Taraweeh, or the Duha prayer ect…

12-The book “Bihar al-Anwar” by Muhammad Baqir al-Majlisi (died 1111 AH), is a one hundred and ten volumes book, among them are four volumes of criticisms against the companions (ra), there is even a two hundred sixty four page chapter called:

“The Kufr of the three -Abu Bakr, `Umar, `Uthman- and their hypocrisy and scandalous acts and ugly traditions, and the virtues of disowning them.”

He filled this chapter with cursing them and insulting them and calling them names.

Under it is a chapter called “Detailing the flaws of `Umar and using them as arguments against the opponents.” it is a hundred and sixty two pages, and in it he mentioned that `Umar (ra) added Tathweeb to the Adhan and his only proof was the narration of the Muwatta’ that he quoted.

13- The book “al-Ghadeer” by al-Amini (died 1390 AH), who collected as much as he could in this eleven volume book from the books of Ahlul-Sunnah, and he wrote two hundred and fifty pages in criticism of `Umar (ra), trying to show that he is an innovator, and that he was ignorant about the religious laws and rulings… but he never mentioned the accusation about `Umar (ra) adding Tathweeb.

There are many other major Shia scholars and major books that did not mention `Umar (ra) adding to the Adhan but we will not mention them so as to not bore the reader, for a short list of these books, please refer to the original Arabic book by the brother `Ala’-ul-Deen al-Baseer. However, what we mentioned above are the main books of Fiqh and `Aqidah of the Twelver Shia sect, and one can notice that all the early Shia had no knowledge of `Umar (ra) adding anything nor were they familiar with the narration from Muwatta’ Malik or its interpretation.

We conclude from this, that this Shia accusation was put together by the late Shia scholars not their early ones, it was not known by the masters of their sect such as ibn Shadhan or Tusi or Mufid or Saduq or Murtada, it was first mentioned by an extremist liar called abu al-Qassim al-Kufi with no proof to back it, later it was mentioned in the eight century by al-Helli also without any sources. The first Shia to claim that `Umar (ra) added it and using the tradition found in Muwatta’ Malik to prove this was al-Majlisi in the twelfth century and all the rest of the Shia scholars followed his example like parrots.

`Abdul-Husayn Sharaf-ul-Deen al-Musawi clings to a very weak argument by every standard, simply to attack `Umar (ra), the man has no shame or respect for academic research, and if Ahlul-Sunnah found any evidence showing that `Umar (ra) did add such an expression, they would have openly stated it without fear just as they admitted that `Uthman (ra) added the third Adhan of Friday prayer.

In the end I would like to mention a Shia narration related to this topic, it is narrated by al-Imam al-Kazim in “Asl Zayd al-Nursi” a part of “al-Usoul al-Sitta-`Ashar” pg.54, that he said:

[“Prayer is better than sleep” is the innovation of the Umayyads and is not a part of the Adhan, and there is no harm if anyone wishes to call people by it to wake them for prayer but he should not make it a part of the Adhan as we do not see it as such.]

What choice will the Shia scholars make? will they take the weak Sunni narration? or one of their own Shia narrations and the words of their infallible leaders? apparently their hatred for `Umar (ra) was so great that they slammed the word of their infallible against the wall and took the narration from Muwatta’ Malik. Although Allah ordered us not to oppress our brothers, the Almighty ordered us not to even oppress Ahlul-Kitab:

{Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes – from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.} [60:8]

It is as if the Shia forget verses like this one when it comes to the companions and wives of our Prophet (SAWS):

{O you who have believed, be persistently standing firm for Allah, witnesses in justice, and do not let the hatred of a people prevent you from being just. Be just; that is nearer to righteousness. And fear Allah; indeed, Allah is Acquainted with what you do.} [5:8]

Writing history according to their desires:

The way of the Shia since their first appearance was a twisted one, it is a twisted reading of history that reflected negatively on their writings, which are in turn based on following their desires when it comes to accepting a narration or rejecting it. They pick the books that back up their views, and from these books they hand pick the narrations that benefit them, and from these narrations they take only the parts that suit them, and finally they interpret those parts in ways that agree to their twisted understanding of history. Also from their way, is to accept the version of history that suits them regardless of authenticity, they would pick the fabricated narration even if it is contradicted by many authentic ones.

This is why their version of history is a dark and depressing one, where the first generation of Islam and best of men were turned to a bunch of thieves and hypocrites, where the great conquests of Islam were pictured as the evil ambitions of these men, and that their purpose was only to expand their influence and enjoy material wealth.

Ja`far Murtada al-`Amili and “Tathweeb”:

This so called Sayyid Ja`far al-`Amili has accused the chief of believers `Umar ibn al-Khattab (ra) of adding Tathweeb to the Adhan in his books. However, he himself has rejected many historical narrations that do not suit his desires and do not agree with his Madhab, he said in his book “al-Madkhal li-Dirasat al-Seerah” pg.11:

[The one who intends to study history and benefit from historical books, has to read them with caution and awareness, so that he does not fall as a victim of misguidance. He has to open his eyes and heart for every word that passes him by, to understand it, and extract from it what consistent with reality, from the events that are backed by many proofs and evidences, and he must ignore all narrations that have been tampered by desires and tainted by extreme bias.]

I say: This same man who is saying those “wise” words above, uses his own biases and personal preferences as a scale to weigh down which  historical narrations need to be accepted, if the narration agrees with his personal views he will accept it, otherwise he rejects it! And any narration that goes against his personal views and biases, becomes from those that have been tampered by desires and tainted by extreme bias.

This man has discussed the matter of Tathweeb, so we will now show you that he didn’t apply his own standards nor did he follow this methodology that he wrote down for us in the beginning of his book, instead he followed the desires of his companions who preceded him in their hatred for `Umar (ra).

It is as Allah said:

{O you who have believed, why do you say what you do not do?} [61:2]

Ja`far al-`Amili comments on the following narration:

From Bilal, that he was making the Adhan of the morning, and he would say “Come to the best of deeds” so the messenger (SAWS) ordered that he replace it with “Prayer is better than sleep”.

al-`Amili comments in “al-Sahih min al-Seerah”, 4/284:

[As for the last part of the narration, it is apparently an addition by the narrators because the expression “Prayer is better than sleep” was added some time after the Prophet’s death, specifically by `Umar bin al-Khattab as many narrations state.]

Truly as Allah said:

{Have you seen he who has taken as his god his [own] desire, and Allah has sent him astray due to knowledge and has set a seal upon his hearing and his heart and put over his vision a veil? So who will guide him after Allah? Then will you not be reminded?} [45:23]

As for those “many narrations”, al-`Amili wrote down as a footnote on that same page what they were:

[Muwatta’ Malik 1/93 – Sunan al-Daraqutni – Musannaf `Abdul-Razzaq vol.1 #1827, 1829, 1832, pages 474, 475 – Kanz-ul-`Ummal vol.4, 5567, 5568 – And his Muntakhab as footnote of al-Musnad 3/278, and in it he said that it was an innovation – and al-Tirmithy – and abu Dawud – and others.]

Notice that in some sources he placed the page and volume number while in others he did not, this is one of the methods they adopt to fool the poor readers, so remember it.

The bias starts with al-`Amili claiming that the last part of the narration is an addition, but he provides absolutely no proof to back up his claim, how does he know that it was added? and who added it? No one knows. We will see later that another Shia scholar `Ali al-Milani will use a different technique, he will simply erase the last part of the narration when quoting it. Whereas, another of their scholars called Ja`far al-Subhani, will quote this narration but his technique is to ignore it and not comment on it.

Now the reader is wondering, what are those many sources that al-`Amili listed? The answer is that the only source he listed was the same old narration from Muwatta’ Malik, and all other sources don’t mention anything related to `Umar (ra) adding the expression to prayer, as for the sources whose page numbers were not mentioned, he didn’t mention them as they contain authentic narrations proving that Tathweeb is a prophetic Sunnah, in other words he is fooling the readers!!

In fact, just to show you I will go through some of these sources:

1- Muwatta’ Malik 1/93:

Contains the weak narration that we discussed previously.

2- Musannaf `Abdul-Razzaq #1827:

It states that Bilal (ra) added it during the time of Abu Bakr (ra) after he heard it from some man. `Umar (ra) asked him to stop this innovation!!

3- Musannaf `Abdul-Razzaq #1829:

It states that the first to invent the Tathweeb was Sa`d during the Khilafah of `Umar (ra), and he said “It is an innovation” and he left it.

4- Musannaf `Abdul-Razzaq #1832:

`Umar’s son (ra) heard a man making Tathweeb in a mosque so he said “Let’s leave this innovator alone!”

So as the reader can see, none of these narrations accuse `Umar (ra), in fact one accuses Bilal (ra) and the other accuses Sa`d (ra). Keep in mind that in the same book there are narrations in which both Bilal (ra) and abu Mahdhourah (ra) said that this was an order from the Prophet (SAWS), such as narration #1824, #1823, and even the son of `Umar (ra) used to do it in #1822.

5- Sunan al-Daraqutni:

Contains several narrations stating that it was an order from the Prophet (SAWS). Nothing about `Umar (ra) inventing this expression.

And so on and so forth… there is absolutely no proof whatsoever for their claim that `Umar (ra) added it, except what is narrated in al-Muwatta’ of Imam Malik and is disconnected and weak… yet they will use this pathetic narration just in order to attack `Umar (ra)!

Ja`far al-`Amili says in another book “Mukhtasar Mufid As’ilah wa Ajwibah fil-Deen” 9/37:

[That reporting a narration about a matter, does not mean that the one who reported it accepts its content, especially if he reports what opposes it.]

So how is it then, that in our case there are plenty of strong narrations, even entire chapters to oppose this claim, yet the Shia will stick to that one narration out of hatred for the Sahabah.

Actually one can refer to “al-Mughni” by ibn Qudamah al-Maqdisi, vol.1, pg.211 to see that Imam Malik was from those who considered Tathweeb a prophetic Sunnah.

Murtada al-`Askari and “Tathweeb”:

The way of the Shia is to cling to any random weak narration and make it an undisputed historical fact if it happens to agree with their beliefs and if it supports their case against the companions of the Prophet (SAWS). However, if a narration is quoted against them, you will see them researching and citing sources and studying the authenticity and the text and trying to give various interpretations in order to defend their Madhab.

Their scholar Murtada al-`Askari is no different than all his other companions when it comes to hypocrisy, this man wanted to defend the Shia religion because they were being accused of believing in the corruption of the Qur’an. Their books are fully loaded with narrations about how the Qur’an was altered and changed by the companions of the Prophet (SAWS), and how the virtues of Ahlul-Bayt were deleted from it and such…

Shia scholar al-`Allamah Muhammad Salih al-Mazindarani says in “Sharh al-Kafi” 11/76:

[The deletion of some parts of the Qur’an and its corruption was established in our sources with Tawatur, as it is apparent for those who observe the books of Hadith from beginning to end.]

Shia scholar Sultan Muhammad al-Janabidhi says in “Tafsir Bayan al-Sa`adah fi Maqamat al-`Ibadah” pg.19:

[Know (O reader) that a plentiful amount of narrations from the pure Imams state that additions and deletions and corruption and change have taken place in it, in a way that leaves no doubt.]

Shia scholar Muhammad al-Lucknawi wrote in “Darbat Haydari” 2/78:

[The claim that no corruption took place in the Qur’an is apparently corrupt, because the narrations showing this corruption have reached Tawatur.]

Shia scholar `Abdullah Shubbar said in “Masabih al-Anwar fi Hall Mushkilat al-Akhbar” 2/294-295:

[Most of what is in our hands today is the Qur’an that was revealed upon the Prophet (as) and many parts of it have been removed, as proven by the great amount of narrations that are almost Mutawatir, and we have clarified this in our book: Muniyah al-Muhasileen fi Haqiyat Tareeq al-Mujtahideen.]

Shia scholar Muhammad Mahdi al-Naraqi said in “Minhaj al-Ahkam” under the chapter “Hujjiyat Zawahir al-Kitab”:

[Deletion has taken place in the Qur’an, meaning: Parts of it have been removed, even if we do not know specifically where it is, as shown by the many un-contradicted narrations and proofs.]

The Shia belief that narrations reaching Tawatur from the Imams state that the Qur’an was corrupted, this belief has been reported by many Shia scholars that we cannot mention now so that we do not go off-topic, one of their scholars called al-Noori al-Tabrasi has collected a huge amount of these narrations, their scholar Muhammad Hadi Ma`rifah wrote in “Siyanat al-Qur’an” pg.239:

[What al-Noori had collected from narrations of corruption, are more than a thousand and one hundred (1122) to be exact.]

Now we return to Murtada al-`Askari who wanted to defend his Madhab from the accusation of corruption, wrote a three volume set called “al-Qur’an wa Riwayat al-Madrasatayn”, in the third volume which is 847 pages, he went through 1062 narrations of corruption and rejected all of them, by weakening their chain of transmission or by giving them a suitable interpretation, he then said at the end of his book:

[al-Sheikh al-Noori and Ihsan Ilahi Zaheer have quoted 1062 narrations which they claimed prove the corruption of the Qur’an, and by the favor of Allah we have studied them one by one, their chains and their texts, and we found that all of them share one of two things:

Either their chains contain extremists or liars or unknown or weak narrators, or the text is only an explanation for the verse as opposed to their claim that it was erased from it, and at many times both.]

And finally he declares on page 874, that all those narrations are “zero” and they amount to nothing at all!

I say: First of all, if this hypocrite were to apply his methods of weakening narrations, to all the Shia books of Hadith, then their entire library of books would become one big zero, not one narration would be left!

Murtada al-`Askari placed a huge effort to weaken all those narrations that he had  to criticize and attack some of their most popular books such as Tafsir al-Qummi, Tafsir al-`Ayyashi, Tafsir Furat al-Kufi and Kitab Sulaym bin Qays.

Secondly, the hypocrite dropped a thousand and sixty two narrations of corruption but he held on to that one narration from Muwatta’ Malik just in order to attack `Umar ibn al-Khattab (ra), so our question to this so called un-biased Shia scholar is:

Couldn’t you have placed just a tiny little bit of your effort, to look at the chain and the text of the narration of the Muwatta’, that you used in order to attack a leader of this nation and the chief of believers `Umar al-Farouq!?

In that same book he wrote a section on how the Caliphs opposed the Qur’an and Sunnah, from the examples he gave in vol.2, pg.472 was:

[`Umar substituting “Come to the best of deeds” with “Prayer is better than sleep” in the morning, refer to: Musnnaf ibn abi Shaybah, and Muwatta’ Malik under chapter “Adhan wal-Tathweeb.”]

I seek refuge in Allah from their extremism and blindness, all I can say is that on the day of judgment these oppressors shall not any light emanating from their faces.

{He who lieth faileth miserably.} [20:61]

Then they accuse Ahlul-Sunnah of doing this to them and complain, just like their scholar Muhammad Rida al-Husayni al-Jalali said in “Difa` `an il-Qur’an” pg.10:

[Many times, the Salafis would rely in their researches on words taken from corrupt books or mis-quotation of texts, or they fail to understand certain terms because of their ignorance of their meanings, and they give them incorrect explanations then accuse those who wrote them of blasphemy.]

I say: The text above would be very accurate should you make a slight adjustment, replace the word “Salafis” with the word “Shia”.

In the light of Sayyid Jalali’s words, let’s compare what the Shia did in the matter of Tathweeb, with what Ahlul-Sunnah did in the matter of corruption of Qur’an.

A-

A huge group of Shia scholars have admitted that the Qur’an is corrupt.

You will not find even one scholar from Ahlul-Sunnah saying “`Umar added al-Salatu Khayrun min al-Nawm.”

B-

Ahlul-Sunnah quote the words of some of the major Shia scholars in the most popular and praised books, admitting to corruption.

The Shia could not even find any reliable or un-reliable Sunni book stating that `Umar innovated Tathweeb.

C-

Ahlul-Sunnah did not mis-understand the terms, they quoted clear and popular Shia views.

The Shia are the ones who explained the narration of the Muwatta’ as they pleased and desired.

D-

If Ahlul-Sunnah accused those Shia scholars of blasphemy after admitting that the Qur’an is corrupt, they cannot be blamed.

The Shia scholars will actually use something as minor as an adding an expression to the morning Adhan to accuse `Umar (ra) of blasphemy.

And when you debate them, they rejoice and celebrate and boast in pride that they don’t have even one Sahih book.

And when you use arguments against the Shia from the Shia books, such as al-Kafi and I assume all readers know the importance of this book in Shia faith, Ahlul-Sunnah will not just quote a narration or two, but they will quote entire chapters that explicitly illustrate corrupt beliefs, you will receive the popular answer accompanied by wailing and weeping:

“al-Kafi is not all authentic, who told you it is Sahih!!?”

They are glad that they have no authentic book, and as far as I know, not one religious group on the face of the planet rejoices for not having an authentic book. They later turn their back at you in joy, that no argument can be used against them since their books are not authentic, yet they have the audacity to claim that they are the saved sect and the truthful sect… but have not one authentic book to preserve their religion for them.

Where were the thirteen infallible individuals during these three centuries?

Why did they leave them with no authentic books?

Why didn’t their Mahdi write them at least one book during his minor occultation which lasted more than 70 years!? As it is not established historically that any of their Imams wrote even one book of Hadith, Tafseer, Tareekh or `Aqeedah. On the other hand, those who lived during the time of the Imams, from the scholars of Ahlul-Sunnah, have written many books and volumes, the second century did not end until most religious sciences were matured, they even wrote books to refute deviant sects and religions like Zoroastrians and Buddhists and Christians and so on…

Isn’t it from the duties of the Imams to preserve religion from being lost, or tampered? Why did those infallible Imams make us rely on the narrations of non-infallible people like Zurarah and Jabir al-Ju`fi and Sahl bin Ziyad? And why did they allow them to rely on non-infallible people like Kulayni and Tusi and Saduq to write them down in book form? And why did they allow those non-infallible people to make us rely on the grading of narrations which is taken by non-infallible people like Majlisi and Khu’i and Khomayni?

Where are those so called divine books that the Imams wrote, like Sahifat `Ali, Mushaf Fatima, al-Jafr, al-Jami`ah,`Ali’s Qur’an?

Why accuse `Umar (ra) of creating confusion by not allowing Hadith to be written, when their own Imams left their followers in a great chaos that led some of their own companions to become misguided, and many Shia left the sect because of the huge amount of contradicting narrations!?

The dear reader will find that with the presence of twelve infallible divine scholars and with the passing of hundreds of years, the Shia still cannot agree on a book that they can rely on entirely, and you will find a huge difference among their contemporaries about the reliability of some of their major narrators, and some don’t even believe in the methodology of Hadith grading to begin with.

It truly boggles the mind how a sect with so many problems would have the time to dive into the books of another sect in order to find bits and scraps that they can use to attack the companions of the Prophet (SAWS).

5- FIFTH ARGUMENT:

`Abdul-Husayn al-Musawi said:

[al-`Allamah al-Zarqani said when he reached this Hadith in “Sharh al-Muwatta'”:

This narration was reported by al-Daraqutni in his Sunan, with his chain to the Musannaf of Waki`, from al-`Umari, from Nafi`, from ibn `Umar, from `Umar. And he reported it also from Suffiyan, from Muhammad bin `Ajalan, from Nafi`, from ibn `Umar, from `Umar, that he told his Mu’adhin: “When you reach ‘Come to success’ during Fajr, then say: Prayer is better than sleep, prayer is better than sleep.”

I say: Ibn abi Shaybah also  reported it from Hisham bin `Urwah. It is also narrated by another group of scholars who are too numerous to mention.]

First of all, the part which says “I say”, these are not the words of al-Musawi, they are the words of the same Sunni scholar al-Zarqani taken from another paragraph that al-Musawi did not wish to quote. al-Musawi just wanted to give his readers the impression that they were his words, so they’d  think the man put some effort in his search for truth, although he is far from it removed.

What `Abdul-Husayn did not mention from al-Zarqani’s words was the following:

[I do not know that this was narrated from `Umar in any authentic way, it was only reported by ibn abi Shaybah from the Hadith of Hisham ibn `Urwah, from a man called Isma`eel and I do not know who he is.

And Tathweeb is established in the Adhan of Bilal, and ibn abi Mahdhourah when they would do it in the morning prayers with the Prophet (SAWS).

The meaning of this narration here, is that this expression must be announced only in the Adhan of the morning, not like the Mu’adhin did it, he (`Umar) disliked that there would be a different call on the door of the leader, as some leaders would later do. Otherwise, Tathweeb is popular among the scholars and laypeople, and it cannot be that `Umar (ra) did not know of what the Prophet (SAWS) had ordered his two Mu’adhins, Bilal in Madinah and abu Mahdhourah in Makkah.

This was also an explanation by al-Baji, who said that it is possible that `Umar refused that the Mu’adhin would use an expression from the expressions of Adhan outside of it, so he ordered him to keep it within the Adhan.

It has been narrated by ibn Majah, from the route of ibn al-Musayyib, from Bilal, that he came to the Prophet (SAWS) to make Adhan for him in Fajr, so they told him “He is asleep.” he said: Prayer is better than sleep, twice. So it was accepted in the Adhan of Fajr and it remained that way.

Baqi ibn Makhlad narrated, from abi Mahdhourah, that he said:

“I was a boy, so I made Adhan to the Prophet (SAWS) during Fajr on the day of Hunayn, when I reached Come to success, he (SAWS) said: Follow it with: Prayer is better than sleep.”

Malik said in Mukhtasar ibn Sha`ban: A Mu’adhin must not leave the saying “Prayer is better than sleep” in the morning call whether he is traveling or not. However, if one made this call in his village, in a secluded or isolated place (where no one can hear him), then it is allowed for him to leave it but it is preferable if he did not leave it.

Malik from his uncle abu Suhayl ibn Malik, from his father Malik bin `Amir al-Asbahi, that he said:

Since I first became aware, the only matter that they did -The Sahaba- and still remains unchanged is the call to prayer, it remained as it was and no change came to it, as opposed to the prayer because it was delayed from its rightful times, and change crept into many of the actions, a lot from enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil is gone even if the people knew them, as al-Baji said.

Ibn `Abdul-Barr said:

“Adhan did not change from how it first was.”

`Ata’ said:

“I do not know that the Adhan of today differs from their Adhan in the past, even though many things  are different today than they were during the time of the four Caliphs.”

And some who do not accept the opinions of the people of Madinah used this as an argument, and said that the only argument is what was reported with the authentic chains from the Prophet (SAWS) and the four Caliphs and those who followed their way.]

Source: Sharh al-Zarqani `ala Muwatta’ al-Imam Malik, by Muhammad al-Zarqani, vol.1, pg.150.

It is truly shocking, the amount of dishonesty the Shia scholar has. He only quoted one sentence from al-Zarqani, out of context, and left all the rest of the paragraph which mentions the following points:

1- The narration accusing `Umar (ra) was weak in terms of the chain of transmission.

2- The narration of `Umar (ra) can easily be given another interpretation that does not oppose all other narrations on Tathweeb.

3- “Prayer is better than sleep.” was a part of the Adhan since the time of the Prophet (SAWS) as narrated by his two Mu’adhins.

4- Imam Malik himself is of the opinion that Tathweeb is a Sunnah and it is disliked to leave it.

5- The major early scholars all agree that Adhan was among the things that were unchanged, not even slightly.

Even the narration from Musannaf Waki` in which `Umar (ra) tells his Mu’adhin to announce Tathweeb in the morning call, that can easily be given the following interpretation: `Umar (ra) reminded his old Mu’adhin or informed his new Mu’adhin that reciting Tathweeb in Fajr is a Sunnah, so he must do  it. It doesn’t say he invented it or added something that was not already there, so it’s unacceptable as an argument and is completely different than the narration of Muwatta’ Malik.

`Abdul-Husayn Sharaf-ul-Deen al-Musawi says:

[It is also narrated by another group of scholars who are too numerous to mention.]

And he placed a footnote under it:

[Review al-Wasa’il, vol.4, pg.642 – Chapters of Adhan and Iqamah – chapter 19]

I say: After al-Musawi felt that he did not have much proofs, and that his argument was weak, and he lost hope in trying to find new sources, although he threw every arrow in his possession. al-Musawi resorted to deceive his readers and said: “Also narrated by another group of scholars who are too numerous to mention.” He said it to fool the readers into thinking that it’s actually true.

The biggest proof we have that this man is a liar, is his own book, review his book and see for yourself that he fills the pages of his books with as many sources and quotes as he can, even in the smallest matters, you will find page after page of sources and quotes even if they are sometimes completely irrelevant! But in our case, he knows he has no more proofs except for that one narration, so he simply says “They’re too numerous to mention.”

After this hypocrite scholar died, his followers wanted to save him from his shame, so one of the contemporary Shia Dr.`Abdul-Jabbar Shararah volunteered to become the Muhaqqiq of `Abdul-Husayn’s book, and when he reached this part of the book he was dumbfounded, he had absolutely nothing to write in the footnotes, there was no “other group of scholars” nor was there any mention of this in the books of Ahlul-Sunnah! So what can this poor man do? He can’t say his master is wrong, after all the Shia granted their Ayatullahs a level near infallibility, so what can the poor doctor do?

Dr.`Abdul-Jabbar, found that the only solution to save his master’s reputation, was to act like a confused mule, and refer the readers in the footnotes to the book “al-Wasa’il”. This O dear reader is the famous Shia book “Wasa’il al-Shi`ah” by their scholar al-Hurr al-`Amili!! There was no “group of scholars who are too numerous to count” nor was there any narrations in the books of Ahlul-Sunnah, so he decided to refer us to a Shia book that isn’t even relied upon by the Shia themselves!! By doing so, admitting that his master `Abdul-Husayn Sharaf-ul-Deen al-Musawi was a big liar.

This isn’t the end of it however.

The Shia source that he referred us to, also has nothing to do with `Umar (ra) adding an expression to the Adhan. If the reader checks the chapter of Adhan and Iqamah in Kitab al-Salat from Wasa’il al-Shia, he will see that the author collected twenty five narrations, that inform us about the text of the Adhan which the Shia supposedly narrated from their Imams.

What we conclude, is that the author of the book and the Muhaqqiq of the book, both of these Shia scholars are dishonest deceivers.

Still this isn’t the end of it!

When checking that chapter which the deceiver referred us to,  we will see that in four of the narrations, the Imams themselves announce “Prayer is better than sleep” as being part of the Adhan! We will cover these in the coming pages Insha-Allah. Do we really need more evidence to prove that these people are extremists in their hatred, twisted in their confused understanding, weak in their poor comprehension and followers of their own evil desires!?

If this is the level of their renowned Ayatullah and leader `Abdul-Husayn Sharaf-ul-Deen al-Musawi, then what did he leave for the average Shia scholars? Can there be a lower level of ignorance than this?

Lies and misquotations in Ayatullah `Ali al-Milani’s book:

In a few quick paragraphs we intend to show the readers the dishonest methods of the Imami Shia sect and their scholars. We will use Ayatullah al-Milani’s books “al-Shahadah al-Thalithah” and “Muhadarat fil-I`tiqadat” for this purpose.

We will quote a paragraph with its footnotes from the man’s books “al-Shahadah bil-Wilayah” pg.43 & “Muhadarat fil-I`tiqadat” pg.672:

[As for Ahlul-Sunnah, they altered the Adhan in two ways:

The first alteration: Removing “Come to the best of deeds.”

The second alteration: Adding “Prayer is better than sleep.” With no proof for both acts.

This is in “Sharh al-Tajreed” by al-Qawshaji (1), and he defended it as he defended the two Mut`ahs, so from this it appears that “Come to the best of deeds” was a part from the Adhan in the time of the Prophet (SAWS), and `Umar forbade it as he forbade the two Mut`ahs.

What proves that “Come to the best of deeds” was a part of the Adhan during the time of the Prophet (SAWS) and after him, is what is narrated in “Kanz-ul-`Ummal”, Kitab al-Salat (2), from al-Tabarani:

Bilal used to make Adhan in the morning, he would say: “Come to the best of deeds”, and it is similarly reported in “al-Seerah al-Halabiyyah” (3), and it is mentioned that `Abdullah ibn `Umar and al-Imam al-Sajjad used to both announce in their Adhan “Come to the best of deeds”, but as for “Prayer is better than sleep” they have many narrations that it is an innovation so review them (4).

Footnotes:

1-Sharh al-Tajreed by Qawshaji, section on Imamah, manuscript.

2-Kanz-ul-`Ummal by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol.8, pg.342.

3- al-Seerah al-Halabiyyah, vol.2, pg.305.

4-Kanz-ul-`Ummal by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol.8, pg.356-357.]

Presenting his lies:

We shall not discuss all of al-Milani’s words in this book as we’ve done so in another book.

al-Milani says:

[As for “Prayer is better than sleep.” they (Sunnies) have many narrations declaring it as an innovation, so refer to them. (He pointed us to Kanz al-`Ummal)]

I say: al-Milani spoke of many narrations yet he pointed us to Kanz al-`Ummal, sadly this book contains only one narration which claims that Sa`d was the first one who innovated it, it also contains twenty six other narrations proving that “Prayer is better than sleep.” is a part of the Adhan and Sunnah.

In fact, this one narration that al-Milani pointed us to says the following:

[From ibn Jurayj that he said: `Umar bin Hafs told me that Sa`d was the first one to say: “Prayer is better than sleep” during the Caliphate of `Umar, so `Umar said: “An innovation!” and he left it, and Bilal did not make Adhan for `Umar.]

In other words, the only narration al-Milani quoted is on that proves `Umar’s (ra) innocence! and he ignored the twenty six others for some satanic reason in his head.

Ayatullah `Ali al-Milani the liar then said:

[The proof that shows that “Come to the best of deeds” was found in the Adhan of the Prophet (as) and after him: The Hadith from Kanz al-`Ummal, in Kitab al-Salat, from al-Tabarani:

Bilal used to make Adhan in the morning, he would say: “Come to the best of deeds.”]

I say: You will very soon see inshaAllah the dishonesty of their leader al-Milani, we truly wonder how the likes of  al-Milani and al-`Amili and `Abdul-Husayn shall defend themselves in front of Allah on the day of judgment.

We shall present the narrations from the three sources that al-Milani relied on to accuse `Umar (ra). They’re Kanz al-`Ummal, al-Tabarani, and al-Seerah al-Halabiyyah. It’s actually two sources since the author of Kanz al-`Ummal reported a narration from al-Tabarani’s book.

The first narration from Tabarani is as follows:

[Muhammad bin `Ali al-Sa’igh al-Makki told us, Ya`qoub bin Humayd bin Kasib told us, `Abdul-Rahman bin Sa`d bin `Ammar bin Sa`d told us, from `Abdullah bin Muhammad, and `Umar and `Ammar, the sons of Hafs, from their fathers, from their grandfathers, from Bilal: That he used to make Adhan in the morning, he would say: “Come to the best of deeds.” so the Prophet (SAWS) ordered him to replace it with “Prayer is better than sleep.” and to leave “Come to the best of deeds.”]

source: al-Mu`jam al-Kabir lil-Tabarani 1/352.

What al-Milani did, is that he quoted a part of this narration out of context, and left the rest of the narration because it exposes his lies.

Can we say that it is a mistake? well NO, because al-Milani would then quote his second source, he quotes the exact same narration again from Kanz al-`Ummal, and he would do it out of context again, since both books contain the same text. If he made a mistake in the first one, he can’t have made it again in the second.

As for the last narration we discussed it in our other book so refer to it there (9)

(9): The book is “al-Shahadah al-Thalithah fil-Adhan” by `Ala’-ul-Deen al-Baseer, it is not yet translated into English.

6- SIXTH ARGUMENT:

`Abdul-Husayn says:

[It is only that the second Caliph ordered it as proven by the mass transmitted(Mutawatir) narrations of the pure progeny.]

I say: The Imams of the Shia in their narrations said: “Prayer is better than sleep” and some Shia scholars even agreed that this expression is valid.

Here are some of them:

1) al-Mu`tabar pg.166 – Wasa’il al-Shi`ah 4/652 #5:

[Ja`far bin al-Hasan al-Muhaqqiq in al-Mu`tabar, quotes from Ahmad bin Muhammad bin abi Nasr’s book, from `Abdullah bin Sinan, from abu `Abdillah (as) that he said: “If you were in the Fajr Adhan then say “Prayer is better than sleep” after “Come to the best of deeds”, and do not say “Prayer is better than sleep” in Iqamah, it is only in Adhan.”]

2) al-Tahdheeb 1/151 – al-Istibsar 1/157 – Wasa’il al-Shi`ah 4/651 #3:

[As for what Muhammad bin `Ali bin Mahboub, from Ahmad bin al-Hasan, from al-Husayn, from Hamad bin `Isa, from Shu`ayb bin Ya`qoub, from abu Basir, from abu `Abdillah (as): “Calling and Tathweeb in the Adhan is from the Sunnah.”]

3) al-Usoul al-Sittah-`Ashar Kitab Zayd al-Nursi pg.205 – Mustadrak al-Wasa’il by al-Tabrasi 4/25 chapter 7:

[From abi al-Hasan (as): I asked him about the Adhan before Fajr so he (as) said:”No, it is only during Fajr when it first begins.” I said: “But if he wishes to call the people to prayer and alarm them?” he (as) said: “He does not make the Adhan. However, he must call “Prayer is better than sleep, prayer is better than sleep.” he says it repeatedly and when Fajr comes he makes Adhan.”]

4) al-Istibsar 1/308 – Tahdheeb al-Ahkam 1/150 – Wasa’il al-Shi`ah 4/651 – Bihar al-Anwar 81/168 – al-Sara’ir by ibn Idris 3/601:

[From al-Husayn bin Sa`eed, from Fadalah, from al-`Ala, from Muhammad bin Muslim, from abi Ja`far (as): “My father (Zayn al-`Abideen) used to call in his home “Prayer is better than sleep.” and if you repeat these words there is no harm.”

al-Tusi said: Any expression resembling the one in these two narrations is considered Taqiyyah, because the sect agreed to abandon doing it.”]

Instead of taking the words of the Imams and following their example, the Shia scholars out of hatred for Ahlul-Sunnah decided to stop practicing them and they claimed that their Imams said this out of Taqiyyah only.

al-`Allamah al-Helli admits that the chain of narrators of this narration and the one before it are authentic. He says in “Muntaha al-Matlab fi Tahqiq al-Madhab” 4/383:

[Because we say, after admitting to the authenticity of the chain: The two narrations are weak because they are not backed by any others, and because our companions do not practice according to them, and the other narrations oppose them, so they’re considered Taqiyyah.]

5) Tahdheeb al-Ahkam 1/150 – al-Istibsar 1/307 – Wasa’il al-Shi`ah 4/644:

[From Ahmad, from al-Husayn, from Fadalah, from Sayf bin `Umayrah, from abi Bakr al-Hadrami and Kulayb al-Asadi both, from abu `Abdillah (as) “That he recited to them the Adhan: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar …ect… Hay `ala Khayr al-`Amal, Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar, La Ilaha illa Allah, La Ilaha illa Allah, and so is the Iqamah.”

And al-Saduq narrated it with his Isnad from abi Bakr al-Hadrami and Kulayb al-Asadi, a Hadith like it but he added: “And there is no harm in adding to the morning call, after “Come to the best of deeds”, the words “Prayer is better than sleep” twice for Taqiyyah.]

al-Majlisi however replies to al-Tusi who claimed these to be for Taqiyyah, he said in “Bihar al-Anwar” 18/119:

[He said it’s for Taqiyyah and I do not see this as correct in any way, because a part of the Adhan (in that narration) was “Come to the best of deeds”, and only our companions (the Shia) says this, so if it were for Taqiyyah he would not have mentioned this.”]

And al-Majlisi is correct, because Taqiyyah is used to hide the fact that one is Shia, and in the narration above the expression “Come  to the best of deeds” is used, and this is a famous Shia expression, so how can saying “Prayer is better than sleep” after it be for Taqiyyah? The example of this is that of a Shia who cursed Abu Bakr (ra) and then praised `Umar (ra) after it for Taqiyyah.

Their scholar Yusuf al-Bahrani angrily refutes al-Majlisi, in “al-Hada’iq al-Nadirah” 7/418:

[Rather what is correct is what al-Sheikh (al-Tusi) said, it agrees with the numerous narrations from the Imams of guidance (as) that state that we must present our narrations to the Madhab of the `Amah (Sunnies) and accept what opposes them, even if he (al-Majlisi) and others decided to throw these established laws behind their backs.]

6) Bihar al-Anwar 81/118,119:

[The author of al-Mu`tabar said, that in the book of Ahmad bin Muhammad bin abi Nasr al-Bzanti from our companions, he said: `Abdullah bin Sinan  told me, from abu `Abdullah (as) that he said: “The Adhan is: Allahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar …ect… then he said: If you were in the Fajr Adhan then say “Prayer is better than sleep” after “Come to the best of deeds”. and Say after “Allahu Akbar, Allahu AKbar” “La Ilaha illa Allah”.  And do not say in Iqamah “Prayer is better than sleep” it is only in Adhan.”]

I say: The proofs in the Shia books for saying “Prayer is better than sleep” are much stronger than the proof for saying “`Ali Waliyullah” in Adhan, but the Shia will always say the latter because it agrees with their desires, and they will always abandon the former because of hatred for Ahlul-Sunnah.

Taqiyyah as an excuse:

Taqiyyah played a big role in corrupting the text of the Adhan in Shia books, many of their narrations were similar to those of Ahlul-Sunnah but they rejected the correct Adhan just to oppose them, because the Imam supposedly narrates to them in al-Kafi:

“What opposes the `Amah(Sunnies), in it will be guidance.”

So Taqiyyah is simply an excuse to reject all narrations, authentic or not, if they do not suit thee leaders of the Madhab and do not appeal to their desires. Otherwise, how could it make sense that `Ali bin al-Husayn (rah) is secretly calling “Prayer is better than sleep” in his own house out of Taqiyyah? Was he really so afraid that there’d be someone standing at his door in Fajr listening to his Adhan? Did the rulers at the time really care if this man said “Prayer is better than sleep” or not?

The issue of Taqiyyah and conflicting Shia narrations led many of the Shia to abandon this corrupt Madhab, Yusuf al-Bahrani himself admits in al-Hada’iq al-Nadirah 1/5:

“Only a little of the rulings of the religion are know by certainty, because of the narrations being mixed with Taqiyyah.”

Shia scholar Ja`far al-Shakhouri said in his book “Harakiyyat al-`Aql al-Ijtihadi” pg.72-75:

[We find that the biggest of the Shia scholars differ in identifying the narrations of Taqiyyah from those that announce the true rulings. Take for example the matter of the purity of wine, many are of the opinion that it is impure such as al-Tusi, this is because they considered the narrations declaring it to be pure as Taqiyyah. Whereas, some jurists say it is pure like al-Muqaddas al-Ardibilee and others, because they considered the narrations of impurity as Taqiyyah. This shows great confusion among the early scholars when it comes to Taqiyyah.]

And he said:

[If we wanted to present tens of other examples we could write volumes about the chaos of identifying Taqiyyah]

Also the Shia scholar al-Fayd al-Kashani the author of Tafsir al-Safi complained about identifying the narrations of Taqiyyah, he said that the Shia scholars differed greatly in this in “Muqaddimat al-Wafi” pg.9:

[You will see them disagreeing on one issue with twenty opinions or thirty or more, if you wish I can even say that they differed in all branches of religion or matters related to them.]

The author of al-Hada’iq al-Nadirah even said in vol.1 pg.5 that the Imams of the Shia can reply to the Shia questioners with strange opinions that even the Sunnies don’t have, they do this just spread disagreement among their followers, he said:

[The Imams make opposing rulings even if none of them (Sunnies) are present, you will see them replying to the same question with numerous replies even if none of them are adopted by those who oppose us (Sunnies).]

Ironically, and after all this, the Imami Shia still claim that Allah appointed the Imams out of grace so they can protect the religion from corruption and guide the people to the correct opinions, and stop division and misguidance.

6 Comments

  1. The fact is the said sentence was never a part of original Azaan . It was unauthorizedly added by umar ibnal khattab like he introduced another
    bida’a of Taraweeh . Qora’an recitation is very good , extremely kaar e sawab but adding it in congregation is an innovation, as such haraam .
    Any one who introduces any innovation in any ahkaam e deen is a grave sinner.
    his place is only Jahannum as per abu horaira’s hadees if it is not fabricated, that Angels were dragging sahabah towards Jhannum, Rasool (saaws) standing at the bank of hauz e kauser protest ”my sahaba , my sahabah, Allah replies ” don’t you know what innovations they introduced after you left ”

    • Wait wait wait Mr.Rafidhi, DID YOU ACTUALLY READ WHAT WE WROTE!!!? Are you mentally stabe??? This entire gigantic piece we translated proves without the shadow of a doubt it wasn’t an innovation, yet you people are deprived of intellect so we’ll accept your comment ONLY so that people may laugh at you and reflect.

      • Hmmm! Typical of a shi’ites, they always claim to be the most intelligent intellectuals among the muslims thus indulging in their normal yahudiya act “deceit”.

  2. I WAS BORN AND BROUGHT UP INTO SHIA BELIEF, AND OPEN MINDEDLY WHEN I WROTE ABOUT SUNNISM I BECAME A MUSLIM.. NO MORE SUNNI OR A SHIA….

    “Brother Zaheer husain khan”(Must we always prove our own side with philosophical ways, metaphysically? Or we need to understand well the other side and compare it with our own side with open eyes and mind, keeping in mind that we all are human beings first? Good and bad?) should be more understandable and must go through the concepts of Islam from sources other than Shiasm. Being an Ex Shia I’m fully indebted to ‘Is your shia friend asking questions?’ for my present ideology of Islam.

    I, as a Shia used to disrespect the Sahaba’s played a major role in spreading Prophet Mohammed or for that pious matter Maula Ali’s own faith through the World of disbelief with sincerity and dedication.

    I, as a Shia always though Maula Ali was the only power and sourse for the spread of Islam and was a staunch Shia(12 ver) but after meeting Dr. Israr Ahmed on my Journalistic visit to Pakistan I was astonished at the Cristal-clear facts I was provided by this great man no more now (May Allah bless his soul).

    He had no enmity with any sect of Islam, and was super knowledgeable. It would be no exaggeration if say he was the most knowledgeable and inspiring man I’ve ever met. Very simple, a paradigm of a perfect Alim. Amazingly was a self taught Alim.

    ANY SHIA WHO WANTS TO GET OUT THIS SHIA SUNNI ENMITY MUST, I SAY, MUST LISTEN TO HIS LECTURES AND READ HIS PROFOUND BOOKS WHICH ARE TRANSLATED INTO ENGLISH!

    WE ALL ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR OUR OWN IDEOLOGIES, HOWEVER LEFT OR RIGHT, NOT ALLAH!

    PEACE TO ALL OUR BROTHER!!!

  3. Assalamu Alaykum, WarahmatulLah!
    Maa Shaa Allah!
    This Forum is indeed very educative, informative! The Forum, blocks all possible ways for Shi’ah to penetrate into our Beautiful Islam. The Shi’ah Evil Intentions toward Muslims and Islam, were Exposed on the Light of Reasons and rooms were not left for doubt and assumption. But it yet blinds those who were blinded by their self-centered egoism. They cannot see the Truth!
    Allah The Most Exalted has spoken The Truth:

    وَمِنَ النَّاسِ مَن يَقُولُ آمَنَّا بِاللَّـهِ وَبِالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ وَمَا هُم بِمُؤْمِنِينَ ﴿٨﴾ يُخَادِعُونَ اللَّـهَ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَمَا يَخْدَعُونَ إِلَّا أَنفُسَهُمْ وَمَا يَشْعُرُونَ ﴿٩﴾ فِي قُلُوبِهِم مَّرَضٌ فَزَادَهُمُ اللَّـهُ مَرَضًا ۖ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ﴿١٠﴾ وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ لَا تُفْسِدُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ قَالُوا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُصْلِحُونَ ﴿١١﴾ أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ الْمُفْسِدُونَ وَلَـٰكِن لَّا يَشْعُرُونَ﴿١٢﴾ وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمْ آمِنُوا كَمَا آمَنَ النَّاسُ قَالُوا أَنُؤْمِنُ كَمَا آمَنَ السُّفَهَاءُ ۗ أَلَا إِنَّهُمْ هُمُ السُّفَهَاءُ وَلَـٰكِن لَّا يَعْلَمُونَ ﴿١٣﴾ وَإِذَا لَقُوا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا قَالُوا آمَنَّا وَإِذَا خَلَوْا إِلَىٰ شَيَاطِينِهِمْ قَالُوا إِنَّا مَعَكُمْ إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ مُسْتَهْزِئُونَ ﴿١٤﴾ اللَّـهُ يَسْتَهْزِئُ بِهِمْ وَيَمُدُّهُمْ فِي طُغْيَانِهِمْ يَعْمَهُونَ ﴿١٥﴾ أُولَـٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ اشْتَرَوُا الضَّلَالَةَ بِالْهُدَىٰ فَمَا رَبِحَت تِّجَارَتُهُمْ وَمَا كَانُوا مُهْتَدِينَ ﴿١٦﴾مَثَلُهُمْ كَمَثَلِ الَّذِي اسْتَوْقَدَ نَارًا فَلَمَّا أَضَاءَتْ مَا حَوْلَهُ ذَهَبَ اللَّـهُ بِنُورِهِمْ وَتَرَكَهُمْ فِي ظُلُمَاتٍ لَّا يُبْصِرُونَ ﴿١٧﴾ صُمٌّ بُكْمٌ عُمْيٌ فَهُمْ لَا يَرْجِعُونَ ﴿١٨﴾

    And of the people are some who say, “We believe in Allah and the Last Day,” but they are not believers.

    They [think to] deceive Allah and those who believe, but they deceive not except themselves and perceive [it] not.

    In their hearts is disease, so Allah has increased their disease; and for them is a painful punishment because they [habitually] used to lie.

    And when it is said to them, “Do not cause corruption on the earth,” they say, “We are but reformers.”

    Unquestionably, it is they who are the corrupters, but they perceive [it] not.

    And when it is said to them, “Believe as the people have believed,” they say, “Should we believe as the foolish have believed?” Unquestionably, it is they who are the foolish, but they know [it] not.

    And when they meet those who believe, they say, “We believe”; but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say, “Indeed, we are with you; we were only mockers.”

    And when they meet those who believe, they say, “We believe”; but when they are alone with their evil ones, they say, “Indeed, we are with you; we were only mockers.”

    Those are the ones who have purchased error [in exchange] for guidance, so their transaction has brought no profit, nor were they guided.

    Their example is that of one who kindled a fire, but when it illuminated what was around him, Allah took away their light and left them in darkness [so] they could not see.

    Deaf, dumb and blind – so they will not return [to the right path].
    [Surah Al-Baqara, 2:8-18]

    May Allah let us see the Light of Truth, Under the Teachings and Guidance of Our Beloved Prophet (SAW).

    May Allah reward all your efforts and endeavors immensely! 

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