Narrators From The Children Of The Four Caliphs & Thier Condition In Hadith

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NARRATORS FROM THE CHILDREN OF THE FOUR CALIPHS

&

THEIR CONDITION IN HADITH

Below is a list of the narrators from the descendants of the four righteous Caliphs of Islam, we have listed the children, grandchildren and great grandchildren of each of the men who happen to narrate Hadith. As for collecting the names of these narrators, we heavily relied on Tabaqat ibn Sa`d and al-Thiqat li-ibn Hibban, since both sources contain the names of the early narrators who dwelled in Madinah and Makkah, knowing that the descendants of the Caliphs mainly lived in Hijaz. Regarding the reliability of each of the narrators, we have quickly judged each man without thorough investigation since the list is too long, so it is advised to not take any judgment for Hadith grading based on this list.

The descendants of the four Caliphs still live until our days, their numbers today are very big and while it was an easy task to gather the names of the children of each Caliph, yet the grandchildren and those after them proved to be quite a task.

For example, Imam abu al-Faraj ibn al-Jawzi (510-597 AH) is a major narrator who is from the children of Abu Bakr, if we wanted to list his full name it would be:

`Abdul-Rahman bin `Ali bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin `Ubaydullah bin `Abdullah bin Hamadi bin Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ja`far bin `Abdullah bin al-Qasim bin al-Nadir bin al-Qasim bin Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin al-Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq.

Imam ibn al-Jawzi is the 19th descendant of Caliph Abu Bakr. However, we do not wish to go this far because we cannot possibly gather all the descendants who later narrated Hadith from the lineage of the four Caliphs. Therefore, we have made the decision to stop around the 7th descendant of each of the four Caliphs since it is the early decedents who matter most.

Observations we make after concluding this research:

 

  • The earlier descendants, especially the children and grandchildren were much more reliable than the later ones for numerous social and religious reasons as well as geographical reasons. For example, the early ones remained in Hijaz whereas the later ones moved to areas that weren’t as conservative or religious, their children might have been corrupted by this move.
  • The fact that almost all of their children and grandchildren lived in Hijaz, paints a really beautiful image of how Madinah was back in those days when it was filled with scholars and pious worshipers from the progeny of the Sahabah, the second generation that Islam produced.
  • There were more narrators from the children of `Umar and `Ali than from the children of Abu Bakr and `Uthman.
  • The big amount of “Majaheel” or narrators of unknown conditions in Hadith is bigger among the children of `Ali. It would seem that the explanation for this was that laypeople would seek to take Hadith from the descendants of the prophetic-household; this caused them to take narrations from random scholars, pious men or even politicians of Hashimite descent, these Hashimies weren’t known or relied upon in the scholarly circles.

In the name of Allah we begin,

 

CHILDREN OF ABU BAKR AL-SIDDEEQ AL-TAYMI (ra)

Sons:

-`Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Sahabi)

-`Abdullah bin Abu Bakr (Sahabi)

-Muhammad bin Abu Bakr (Lahu Ru’yah)

Daughters:

-`A’ishah bint Abu Bakr (Sahabiyyah)

-Asma’ bint Abu Bakr (Sahabiyyah)

-Umm Kulthoum bint Abu Bakr (Thiqah)

Grandchildren:

-`Abdullah bin `Abdullah bin Abu Bakr (Sahabi)

-Al-Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Thiqah)

-Talhah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Majhoul)

-Hafsah bint `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Thiqah)

-Asma’ bint `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Maqboulah)

-Umm Kulthoum bint Muhammad bin Abu Bakr (Maqboulah)

Great Grandchildren:

-`Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Thiqah)

-`Abdul-Rahman bin al-Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr (Thiqah)

-Nuh bin Talhah bin `Abdullah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Majhoul)

-`Abdullah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin al-Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr (Majhoul)

-`Abdul-Rahman bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Maqboul)

-Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Maqboul)

-`Umar bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Majhoul)

-Shu`ayb bin Talhah bin `Abdullah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Matrouk)

-Muhammad bin Talhah bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Saduq)

-Ibrahim bin Talhah bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Maqboul)

-Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin al-Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr (Mustaqeem)

-Isma`eel bin Yahya bin `Ubaydullah bin Talhah bin `Abdullah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Kazzab)

-`Abdullah bin Ahmad bin Aflah bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin Abu Bakr (Muttaham)

 

CHILDREN OF `UMAR BIN AL-KHATTAB AL-`ADWI (ra)

Sons:

-`Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Sahabi)

-`Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Sahabi)

-`Abdul-Rahman bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Sahabi)

Daughters:

-Hafsah bint `Umar bin al-Khattab (Sahabiyyah)

-Umm al-Waleed bint `Umar bin al-Khattab (Sahabiyyah)

Grandchildren:

-Salim bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Zayd bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Bilal bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Hamzah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Ubaydullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Umar bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Maqboul)

-Hafs bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Ubaydullah bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Maqboul)

-`Abdullah bin `Ubaydullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Maqboul)

-`Abdul-Rahman bin `Abdul-Rahman bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Maqboul)

Great Grandchildren:

-Abu Bakr bin Salim bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Muhammad bin Zayd bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Abu Bakr bin `Ubaydullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin Waqid bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Maqboul)

-`Abdul-Hameed bin `Abdullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Majhoul)

-Qasim bin `Ubaydullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Ja`far bin Salim bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Majhoul)

-`Umar bin Hamzah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Da`eef)

-`Umar bin `Abdullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Maqboul)

-Abu Salamah bin `Abdullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Maqboul)

-`Abdul-`Azeez bin `Abdullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin `Abdul-Rahman bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Maqboul)

-`Umar bin `Ubaydullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Maqboul)

-`Umar bin Sulayman bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Asim bin `Ubaydullah bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Da`eef)

-`Abdul-Rahman bin `Abdul-Rahman bin `Abdul-Rahman bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Abu Bakr bin Muhammad bin Zayd bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Ubaydullah bin `Umar bin Hafs bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Umar bin Muhammad bin Zayd bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Waqid bin Muhammad bin Zayd bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Hafs bin `Umar bin `Ubaydullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Majhoul)

-Abu Bakr bin `Umar bin `Abdul-Rahman bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Khalid bin Abu Bakr bin `Ubaydullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Da`eef)

-Zayd bin Muhammad bin Zayd bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Asim bin `Umar bin Hafs bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Da`eef)

-`Asim bin Muhammad bin Zayd bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin `Umar bin Hafs bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Da`eef)

-`Isa bin Hafs bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Muhammad bin `Abdul-Rahman bin` Abdul-Rahman bin `Abdul-Rahman bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Matrouk)

-Yahya bin `Abdullah bin Salim bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Saduq)

-Yahya bin `Umar bin Hafs bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Majhoul)

-Hasan bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin Hafs bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Majhoul)

-Qasim bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin Hafs bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Muttaham)

-`Abdul-Rahman bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin Hafs bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Matrouk)

-`Abdullah bin `Abdul-`Azeez bin `Abdullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin `Umar bin Qasim bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin Qasim bin `Abdullah bin `Ubaydullah bin `Asim bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Munkar)

-`Abdul-`Azeez bin abu Salamah bin `Ubaydullah bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Saduq)

-Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr bin Salim bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Saduq)

-Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr bin Muhammad bin Zayd bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Majhoul)

-`Ali bin Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-`Azeez bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Majhoul)

-`Abdullah bin `Ali bin Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-`Azeez bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Majhoul)

-Ibrahim bin `Ali bin Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-`Azeez bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Thiqah)

-Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Waqid bin Muhammad bin Zayd bin `Abdullah bin `Umar bin al-Khattab (Da`eef)

 

CHILDREN OF `UTHMAN BIN `AFFAN AL-UMAWI (ra)

Sons:

-Abban bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Thiqah)

-`Amro bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Thiqah)

-`Umar bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Maqboul)

-Sa`eed bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Maqboul)

Grandchildren:

-`Abdullah bin `Amro bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Thiqah)

-`Amro bin Abban bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Maqboul)

-`Abdul-Rahman bin Abban bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Thiqah)

Great Grandchildren:

-Umayyah bin `Abdullah bin `Amro bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Hasan)

-Sa`eed bin Khalid bin `Amro bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Thiqah)

-Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin `Amro bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Maqboul)

-Ibrahim bin `Umar bin Abban bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Da`eef)

-`Uthman bin Khalid bin `Umar bin `Abdullah bin al-Waleed bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Matrouk)

-Muhammad bin `Uthman bin Khalid bin `Umar bin `Abdullah bin al-Waleed bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Saduq)

-`Ubaydullah bin `Uthman bin Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Sa`eed bin al-Mugheerah bin `Amro bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Saduq)

-`Uthman bin Muhammad bin `Uthman bin Muhammad bin `Abdul-Malik bin Sulayman bin `Abdul-Malik bin `Abdullah bin `Anbasah bin `Amro bin `Uthman bin `Affan (Da`eef)

 

CHILDREN OF `ALI IBN ABI TALIB AL-HASHIMI (ra)

Sons:

-Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Sahabi)

-Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Sahabi)

-Muhammad bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-`Umar bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

Daughters:

-Zaynab bint `Ali ibn abi Talib (Sahabiyyah)

-Umm Kulthoum bint `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Fatimah bint `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

Grandchildren:

-Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Saduq)

-Zayd bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-`Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Hasan bin Muhammad bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Ibrahim bin Muhammad bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Saduq)

-`Umar bin Muhammad bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-`Ali bin Muhammad bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Maqboul)

-Muhammad bin `Umar bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Fatimah bint Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Umm Anees bint Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoulah)

-Sukaynah bint Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Umaymah bint Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

Great Grandchildren:

-`Abdullah bin Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Hasan bin Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Maqboul)

-Ibrahim bin Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Da`eef)

-Hasan bin Zayd bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Da`eef)

-Muhammad bin `Amro bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Zayd bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Maqboul)

-Husayn bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-`Umar bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Saduq)

-Hasan bin `Ali bin Muhammad bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-`Ubaydullah bin Muhammad bin `Umar bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Maqboul)

-`Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Umar bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Saduq)

-Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Musa bin `Abdullah bin Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Qasim bin Hasan bin Zayd bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Isma`eel bin Ibrahim bin Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Muhammad bin `Umar bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Husayn bin Zayd bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Da`eef)

-`Ali bin `Umar bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Mastour)

-Muhammad bin Ja`far bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Maqboul)

-`Ubaydullah bin Husayn bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Umar bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-`Isa bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Umar bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Matrouk)

-Isma`eel bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Musa bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-Muhammad bin Qasim bin Hasan bin Zayd bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Zayd bin `Ali bin Husayn bin Zayd bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Maqboul)

-Ishaq bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Saduq)

-`Ali bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Maqboul)

-`Ali bin Musa bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Saduq)

-Muhammad bin `Ali bin Musa bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Husayn bin Musa bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Husayn bin Muhammad bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Hasan bin Ibrahim bin Isma`eel bin Ibrahim bin Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Ahmad bin `Isa bin Zayd bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Thiqah)

-`Abdullah bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Umar bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Hamzah bin Ahmad bin `Abdullah bin Muhammad bin `Umar bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-`Ali bin Hasan bin `Ali bin `Umar bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Isma`eel bin Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-`Ali bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Musa bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Zayd bin Musa bin Ja`far bin Muhammad bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Husayn bin `Ali bin Hasan bin `Ali bin `Umar bin `Ali bin Husayn bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Saduq)

-Muhammad bin `Ali bin Hamzah bin Hasan bin `Ubaydullah bin `Abbas bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Saduq)

-Ja`far bin Muhammad bin Ja`far bin Hasan bin Ja`far bin Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Saduq)

-Hasan bin Dawoud bin `Ali bin `Isa bin Muhammad bin Qasim bin Hasan bin Zayd bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoul)

-Aminah bint Ja`far bin Hasan bin Hasan bin `Ali ibn abi Talib (Majhoulah)

 

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