`Ali (ra) believes in the Hadith of Abu Bakr (ra) and benefits

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Abu Dawud al-Tayalisi (d. 204 AH) reports in his Musnad:

حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ ، قَالَ : أَخْبَرَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ الْمُغِيرَةِ ، قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ عَلِيَّ بْنَ رَبِيعَةَ الأَسَدِيَّ يُحَدِّثُ ، عَنْ أَسْمَاءَ ، أَوْ أَبِي أَسْمَاءَ الْفَزَارِيِّ ، قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ عَلِيًّا رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ، يَقُولُ : كُنْتُ إِذَا سَمِعْتُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، حَدِيثًا يَنْفَعُنِي اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ بِمَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَنْفَعَنِي ، قَالَ عَلِيٌّ : وَحَدَّثَنِي أَبُو بَكْرٍ ، وَصَدَقَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، قَالَ : ” مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ يُذْنِبُ ذَنْبًا ثُمَّ يَتَوَضَّأُ وَيُصَلِّي رَكْعَتَيْنِ ، ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ إِلا غَفَرَ لَهُ ، ثُمَّ تَلا هَذِهِ الآيَةَ : وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَةً أَوْ ظَلَمُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ ذَكَرُوا اللَّهَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا لِذُنُوبِهِمْ سورة آل عمران آية 135 ، وَالآيَةَ الأُخْرَى : وَمَنْ يَعْمَلْ سُوءًا أَوْ يَظْلِمْ نَفْسَهُ سورة النساء آية 110 ” . حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ ، عَنْ أَسْمَاءَ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ الْفَزَارِيِّ ، قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ عَلِيًّا رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ، يَقُولُ : كُنْتُ إِذَا سَمِعْتُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَدِيثًا نَفَعَنِي اللَّهُ بِمَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَنْفَعَنِي ، وَإِذَا حَدَّثَنِي غَيْرُهُ اسْتَحْلَفْتُهُ أَنَّهُ سَمِعَهُ مِنْهُ ، ثُمَّ صَدَّقْتُهُ ، وَحَدَّثَنِي أَبُو بَكْرٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ ، ثُمَّ ذَكَرَ نَحْوَ حَدِيثِ شُعْبَةَ .

[Shu`bah told us, `Uthman bin al-Mugheerah told us, he said: I heard `Ali bin Rabi`ah al-Asadi narrate, from Asma’, or abi Asma’ al-Fazari, he said: I heard `Ali may Allah be pleased with him say: When I would hear a saying from the messenger of Allah (SAWS), Allah the majestic and magnificent would benefit me from it as much as he wills, `Ali said: And Abu Bakr narrated to me, and Abu  Bakr may Allah be pleased with him is truthful, that the messenger of Allah (SAWS) said: “There isn’t a slave who commits a sin, then makes ablution and prays two Raka`at, asking Allah for forgiveness, unless Allah forgives him.” Then he recited this verse: {And those who, when they commit an immorality or wrong themselves [by transgression], remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins – and who can forgive sins except Allah? – and [who] do not persist in what they have done while they know.} and another verse: { And whoever does a wrong or wrongs himself but then seeks forgiveness of Allah will find Allah Forgiving and Merciful.} abu `Awanah told us, from `Uthman bin al-Mugheerah, from `Ali bin Rabi`ah, from Asma’ bin al-Hakam al-Fazari, that he said: I heard `Ali may Allah be pleased with him say: When I would hear a saying from the messenger of Allah (SAWS), Allah would benefit me from it as much as he wills, and if another narrated to me I would make him swear that he heard it from him (SAWS), then I would believe him, and Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him said, then he narrated like the one from Shu`bah.]

Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 241 AH) reports in his Fada’il:

حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ ، قثنا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَوَانَةَ ، عَنْ عُثْمَانَ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ ، عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ رَبِيعَةَ ، عَنْ أَسْمَاءَ بْنِ الْحَكَمِ الْفَزَارِيِّ ، قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ عَلِيًّا ، يَقُولُ : إِنِّي كُنْتُ إِذَا سَمِعْتُ مِنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ حَدِيثًا نَفَعَنِي اللَّهُ مِنْهُ بِمَا شَاءَ أَنْ يَنْفَعَنِي ، وَإِذَا حَدَّثَنِي رَجُلٌ مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ اسْتَحْلَفْتُهُ ، فَإِذَا حَلَفَ لِي صَدَّقْتُهُ ، وَإِنَّهُ حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو بَكْرٍ ، وَصَدَقَ أَبُو بَكْرٍ ، قَالَ : سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ، يَقُولُ : ” مَا مِنْ رَجُلٍ مُؤْمِنٍ يُذْنِبُ ذَنْبًا ، ثُمَّ يَقُومُ فَيَتَطَهَّرُ فَيُحْسِنُ الطُّهُورَ ، ثُمَّ يُصَلِّي ، ثُمَّ يَسْتَغْفِرُ اللَّهَ ، إِلا غَفَرَ اللَّهُ لَهُ ” ، ثُمَّ قَرَأَ هَذِهِ الآيَةَ وَالَّذِينَ إِذَا فَعَلُوا فَاحِشَةً أَوْ ظَلَمُوا أَنْفُسَهُمْ سورة آل عمران آية 135 .

[`Ali told us, Qutaybah bin Sa`eed told us, abu `Awanah told us, from `Uthman bin al-Mugheerah, from `Ali bin Rabi`ah, from Asma’ bin al-Hakam al-Fazari, that he said: I heard `Ali say: When I would hear a saying from the messenger of Allah (SAWS), Allah would benefit me from it as much as he wills, and if a man from among his companions narrated to me I would make him swear, and if he swore to me I would believe him, and Abu Bakr had narrated to me, and Abu Bakr is truthful, he said: I heard the messenger of Allah (SAWS) saying: “There is not a single believing man who commits a sin, then goes and purifies himself properly, then prays, then asks Allah for forgiveness, unless Allah forgives him.” Then he recited this verse: {And those who, when they commit an immorality or wrong themselves [by transgression], remember Allah and seek forgiveness for their sins – and who can forgive sins except Allah? – and [who] do not persist in what they have done while they know.}]

NARRATORS:

I will go through one chain:

1- Shu`bah bin al-Hajjaj:
Ibn Hajar said: Thiqah, Hafiz, Mutqin, `Abid.
al-Dhahabi said: Ameer al-Mu’mineen fil-Hadith.

2- `Uthman bin al-Mugheerah:
Ibn Hajar: Thiqah.
al-Dhahabi: Wathaquh.
Ahmad bin Hanbal: Thiqab.
abu Hatim al-Razi: Thiqah.

3- `Ali bin Rabi`ah:
Ibn Hajar: Thiqah.
al-Nasa’i: Thiqah.
Yahya bin Ma`een: Thiqah.

4- Asma’ bin al-Hakam al-Fazari:
al-`Ijli said: Kufi Tabi`i, Thiqah.
al-Bazzar said: Majhool.
Musa bin Haroun said: Not Majhool, because `Ali bin Rabi`ah and al-Rukayn bin Rabi` both narrated from him, and `Ali ibn Rabi`ah had heard directly from `Ali ibn abi Talib (ra) so if ibn al-Hakam’s narration was not pleasing to him he would not have placed him between himself and `Ali (ra).
Ibn Hibban: He reported his narration in his SAHIH.

Grading:
-al-Baghawi said Hasan, in “Sharh al-Sunnah”.
-ibn al-`Arabi said Hasan Sahih, in “`Aridat al-Ahwadhi”.
-al-Albani said Sahih, in “Sahih abu Dawud”.
-ibn Hibban reported it in his Sahih.
-Shu`ayb al-Arna’ut said Hasan because of Asma’ and the rest are the narrators of Bukhari, in “Sahih ibn Hibban”.
-ibn `Adi considered it Hasan and said I hope it would be Sahih, in “al-Kamil fil-Du`afa'”.
-Ahmad Muhammad Shakir said Isnaduhu Sahih, in “Musnad Ahmad”.
-al-Tirmithy said Hasan, in his “Sunan”.
-ibn Hajar said Hasan, in “Fath-ul-Bari”.
-al-Hafiz al-Mezzi said Sahih. in “Tahtheeb al-Kamal”.

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