`Abdul-Husayn’s 100 Shia Narrators in Sunni Books

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`Abdul-Husayn’s 100 Shia Narrators in Sunni Books.

 

 

The author of al-Muraja’aat gives us a list of 100 narrators in the books of Sunni Hadith that he claims are Shia like himself. He then writes:

“This much concludes what we liked to count in a hurry a hundred Shi`a heroes who are authorities relied upon by the Sunnis. They are custodians of the nation’s knowledge. Through them, the prophetic legacy is preserved, and they are sought by the authors of the sahih and musnad books.”

Then he says:

“There are hundreds of reliable Shi`as who have learned hadith by heart, who are light-houses of guidance, ignored by Sunnis. For these men, Shi`as have dedicated indices and bibliographies containing their biographies and stories.”

As we can see, his goal is to prove that these 100 men are big authorities, that they are greatly relied upon by Ahlul-Sunnah to preserve Islamic knowledge and that they are ideological Imami Shia who follow the Madhab that believes in chosen infallible Imams.

Let’s go through them below and see if anything he just claimed can be proven. (Refer to Audio starting from the 29 minute mark for explanations)

Muraja’aat Narrators  – Stage 1

Reliability of these 100 Shia narrators according to Shia Rijali books, bolded names are considered reliable by the Twelver scholars.

1- Aban bin Taghlib – Reliable

2- Ibrahim bin Yazeed – Unknown

3- Ahmad bin Al-Mufadhal – Unknown

4- Isma’eel bin Aban – Unknown

5- Isma’eel bin Khalifa – Unknown

6- Isma’eel bin Zakariya – Unknown

7- Isma’eel bin Abbad – Unknown

8- Isma’eel Al-Suddi – Unknown

9- Isma’eel bin Musa – Unknown

10- Taleed bin Sulaiman – Unknown

11- Thabit bin Dinar – Reliable

12- Thuwair bin Abi Fakhita – Reliable

13- Jabir bin Yazeed Al-Ju’fi – Weak

14- Jareer bin Abdulhameed – Unknown

15- Ja’afar bin Ziyad – Unknown

16- Ja’afar bin Sulaiman – Reliable

17- Jumai’ bin Umair – Unknown

18- Al-Harith bin Haseera- Unknown

19- Al-Harith bin Abdullah – Reliable

20- Habeeb bin Abi Thabit – Unknown

21- Al-Hasan bin Hay – Unknown

22- Al-Hakam bin Utaiba – Batri

23- Hammad bin Eisa – Reliable

24- Humran bin A’yan – Reliable

25- Khalid bin Makhlad – Unknown

26- Dawud bin Abi Awf – Unknown

27- Zubaid bin Al-Harith – Unknown

28- Zaid bin Al-Hubbab – Unknown

29- Salim bin Abi Al-Ja’ad – Reliable

30- Salim bin Abi Hafsa – Weak Nasibi

31- Sa’ad bin Turaif – Weak

32- Sa’eed bin Ashwa’  – Unknown

33- Sa’eed bin Khaitham – Weak

34- Salama bin Al-Fadhl – Unknown

35- Salama bin Kuhail – Reliable

36- Sulaiman bin Surad – Reliable

37- Sulaiman bin Tarkhan – Unknown

38- Sulaiman bin Qarm – Unknown

39- Sulaiman bin Mihran – Reliable

40- Shareek bin Abdullah – Unknown

41- Shu’ba bin Al-Hajjaj – Unknown

42- Sa’sa’a bin Sawhan – Reliable

43- Tawus bin Kaysan – Unknown

44- Thalim bin Amr – Unknown

45- Amer bin Wathila – Reliable

46- Abbad bin Ya’qoub – Unknown

47- Abdullah bin Dawud – Unknown

48- Abdullah bin Shaddad – Reliable

49- Abdullah bin Omar – Unknown

50- Abdullah bin Lahee’a – Unknown

51- Abdullah bin Maymoon – Reliable

52- Abdulrahman bin Salih – Unknown

53- Abdulrazaq bin Hammam – Unknown

54- Abdulmalik bin A’ayan – Unknown

55- Ubaidullah bin Musa – Reliable

56- Uthman bin Umair – Unknown

57- Adi bin Thabit – Unknown

58- Atiyya bi Sa’ad – Unknown

59- Al-Ala’a bin Salih – Unknown

60- Alqama bin Qais – Unknown

61- Ali bin Buthaima – Unknown

62-Ali bin Al-Ja’ad – Unknown

63- Ali bin Zaid – Unknown

64- Ali bin Salih – Unknown

65- Ali bin Ghurab – Unknown

66- Ali bin Qadim – Unknown

67- Ali bin Al-Munthir – Unknown

68- Ali bin Hashim – Unknown

69- Ammar bin Zuraiq – Unknown

70- Ammar bin Mu’awiyah – Reliable

71- Amr bin Abdullah Abu Ishaq – Unknown

72- Awf bin Abi Jameela – Unknown

73- Al-Fadhl bin Dukain – Unknown

74- Fudhail bin Marzooq – Unknown

75- Fitr bin Khaleefa – Unknown

76- Malik bin Isma’eel – Unknown

77- Mohammad bin Khazim – Unknown

78- Mohammad Al-Hakim – Unknown

79- Mohammad bin Ubaidullah – Unknown

80- Mohammad bin Fudhail – Reliable

81- Mohammad bin Muslim – Reliable

82- Mohammad bin Musa – Unknown

83- Mu’awiyah bin Ammar – Reliable

84- Ma’roof bin Khabooth – Reliable

85- Mansour bin Al-Mu’tamir – Unknown

86- Al-Minhal bin Amr – Unknown

87- Musa bin Qais – Unknown

88- Nufai’ bin Al-Harith – Unknown

89- Nooh bin Qais – Unknown

90- Haroon bin Sa’ad – Unknown

91- Hashim bin Al-Bareed – Unknown

92- Hubaira bin Yaryam – Unknown

93- Hisham bin Ziyad – Unknown

94- Hisham bin Ammar – Unknown

95- Hushaim bin Basheer – Unknown

96- Wakee’ bin Al-Jarrah – Reliable

97- Yahya bin Al-Jazzar – Reliable

98- Yahya bin Sa’eed – Reliable

99- Yazeed bin Abi Ziyad – Unknown

100- Abu Abdullah Al-Jadali – Reliable

We notice that most of the “Hundred Shi`a heroes who are authorities” are in fact unknown people according to Twelver Shia books.

Muraja’aat Narrators – Stage 2

The second stage lists the 26 reliable narrators (out of a hundred) and which Shia scholars declared their reliability. Those not bolded are either Sunnies or people whose reliability was only declared by al-Qummi and al-Barqi (because their books are unreliable).

1- Aban bin Taghlib – Tusi

2- Thabit bin Dinar –  Tusi

3- Thuwair bin Abi Fakhita – Qummi

5- Ja’afar bin Sulaiman – Tusi

6- Al-Harith bin Abdullah Al-A’awar – Barqi

7- Hammad bin Eisa – Tusi

8- Humran bin A’yan – Qummi

9- Salim bin Abi Al-Ja’ad – Al-Najashi

10- Salama bin Kuhail – Qummi

11- Sulaiman bin Surad – Al-Fadhl bin Shathaan

12- Sulaiman bin Mihran – Qummi

13- Sa’sa’a bin Sawhan – Barqi

14- Amer bin Wathila – Barqi

15- Abdullah bin Shaddad – Barqi

16- Abdullah bin Maymoon – Al-Najashi

17- Ubaidullah bin Musa – Qummi

18- Ammar bin Mu’awiyah – Al-Najashi (but he is a Sunni)

19- Mohammad bin Fudhail – Al-Tusi

20- Mohammad bin Muslim – Al-Najashi

21- Mu’awiyah bin Ammar – Al-Najashi

22- Ma’roof bin Kharbooth – Qummi

23- Wakee’ bin Al-Jarrah – Qummi

24- Yahya bin Al-Jazzar – Al-Tusi

25- Yahya bin Sa’eed – Al-Najashi (but he is a Sunni)

26- Abu Abdullah Al-Jadali – Al-Barqi

 

Muraja’aat Narrators – Stage 3

The last remaining 11 narrators (out of a hundred) who al-Musawi claims are ideological Madhabi Shia that are authenticated by Sunnies.

1- Aban bin Taghlib

2- Thabit bin Dinar –  Weakened by Imam Ahmad, Yahya bin Ma’een, Abu Zur’ah, Abu Hatim, Al-Jawzajani, Al-Nasa’ee, Ibn Adi, Yazeed bin Harun, Ibn Sa’ad, Abu Dawud, Ya’qoub bin Sufyan, Al-Daraqutni, Ibn Hibban, Al-Uqaili, Al-Dulabi, and Ibn Jarud.

3- Ja’afar bin Sulaiman

4- Hammad bin Eisa – Weakened by Abu Hatim, Abu Dawud, Al-Hakim, Al-Naqqash, Ibn Hibban and Al-Daraqutni.

5- Salim bin Abi Al-Ja’ad

6- Sulaiman bin Surad – The Companion

7- Abdullah bin Maymoon Al-Qaddah – Weakened by Al-Bukhari, Abu Zur’ah, Al-Tirmithi, Ibn Adi, Al-Nasa’ee, Abu Hatim, Al-Hakim, and Abu Nu’aym.

8- Mohammad bin Fudhail bin Marzooq

9- Mohammad bin Muslim bin Sawsan Al-Ta’ifee – Not a Shi’ee according to Sunni scholars, but Abdulhussain Sharafudeen thinks this is Mohammad bin Muslim bin Riyah Al-Ta’ifee who died in the year 150, while this narrator died in the year 177 AH.

10- Mu’awiyah bin Ammar

11- Yahya bin Al-Jazzar

Conclusion: From this list of eleven, only 7 can be considered as reliable ideological Madhabi Shia narrators based on al-Musawi’s claims. However, it isn’t established that all seven men are ideological Madhabi Shia, they might as well be political Shia or Tafdili Shia, so the burden of proof lies on the opponent’s shoulders to prove that these seven are Twelver or Imami Shia. It also shows that the books of the Muslims do not have much dependency on Imami Shia or Twelver Shia, as these 7 remaining people (assuming they’re ideological as Musawi claimed) never narrated much, therefore Musawi’s argument falls.

 

 

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